The five major world religions – John Bellaimey

The five major world religions – John Bellaimey

Translator: Andrea McDonough
Reviewer: Jessica Ruby In all times and places in our history, human beings have wondered, “Where did we come from? What’s our place in the world? What happens to us after we die?” Religions are systems of belief that have developed and evolved over time in response to these and other eternal mysteries, driven by the feeling that some questions can only be answered by faith and based on an intuition that there is something greater than ourselves, a higher power we must answer to, or some source we all spring from and to which we must return. Hinduism means the religions of India. It’s not a single religion but rather a variety of related beliefs and spiritual practices. It dates back five millennia to the time of Krishna, a man of such virtue that he became known as an avatar of Vishnu, an incarnation of the god in human form. He taught that all life follows karma, the law of cause and effect, and our job is to do our duty, or dharma, according to our place in society without worrying how things turn out. When we die, we are reincarnated into a new body. If we followed our dharma and did our proper duty in our past life, we get good karma, which sends our soul upward in the social scale. Our rebirth into the next life is thus determined by what we do in this one. The wheel of rebirths is called samsara. It’s possible for a very holy person to lead a life with enough good karma to escape the wheel. This escape is called moksha. Hinduism teaches that everything is one. The whole universe is one transcendent reality called Brahman, and there’s just one Brahman but many gods within it, and their roles, aspects, and forms differ according to various traditions. Brahma is the creator, Vishnu is the preserver who sometimes takes on human form, and Shiva is the transformer, or Lord of the Dance. Durga is the fiercely protective divine mother. Ganesha has an elephant head and is the wise patron of success. Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world. And although most Hindus live in India, they can be found on every continent, one billion strong. Now, let’s travel west, across deserts and mountains to the fertile crescent about 4,000 years ago. Judaism began with God calling Abraham and Sarah to leave Mesopotamia and migrate to the land of Canaan. In return for their faith in the one true God, a revolutionary concept in the polytheistic world of that time, they would have land and many descendants. From this promise came the land of Israel and the chosen people, but staying in that land and keeping those people together was going to be very difficult. The Israelites were enslaved in Egypt, but God freed them with the help of the prophet Moses, who received the Ten Commandments and later hundreds more. They conquered the Promised Land, but could only keep it for a few hundred years. Israel sits at a crossroads through which many armies marched over the centuries. And in the year 70, the Romans destroyed the temple in their capital, Jerusalem. So, the religion transformed itself from a temple religion with sacrifices and priests to a religion of the book. Because of this, Judaism is a faith of symbolism, reverence, and deep meanings tied to the literature of its history. The many sacred scriptures make up the Hebrew bible, or Tanakh, and hundreds of written discussions and interpretations are contained in an expansive compendium of deeper meanings, called the Talmud. Jews find rich, symbolic meaning in daily life. At the Passover meal, every item on the menu symbolizes an aspect of the escape from slavery. The importance of growing up is emphasized when young people reach the age of bar and bat mitzvah, ceremonies during which they assume responsibility for their actions and celebrate the weaving of their own lives into the faith, history, and texts of the Jewish people. There are 14 million Jews in the world today, 6 million in Israel, which became independent following the horrors of genocide in World War II, and 5 million in the United States. But now let’s go back 2500 years and return to India where Buddhism began with a young prince named Siddhartha. On the night he was conceived, his mother, Queen Maya, is said to have been visited in her sleep by a white elephant who entered her side. Ten months later, Prince Siddartha was born into a life of luxury. Venturing forth from his sheltered existence as a young man, he witnessed the human suffering that had been hidden from him and immediately set out to investigate its sources. Why must people endure suffering? Must we reincarnate through hundreds of lives? At first he thought the problem was attachment to material things, so he gave up his possessions. He became a wandering beggar, which he discovered certainly made him no happier. Then he overheard a music teacher telling a student, “Don’t tighten the string too much, it will break. But don’t let it go too slack, or it will not sound.” In a flash, he realized that looking for answers at the extremes was a mistake. The middle way between luxury and poverty seemed wisest. And while meditating under a bodhi tree, the rest of the answer came to him. All of life abounds with suffering. It’s caused by selfish craving for one’s own fulfillment at the expense of others. Following an eight-step plan can teach us to reduce that craving, and thus reduce the suffering. On that day, Siddhartha became the Buddha, the enlightened one. Not the only one, but the first one. The Buddhist plan is called the Eightfold Path, and though it is not easy to follow, it has pointed the way for millions to enlightenment, which is what Buddhahood means, a state of compassion, insight, peace, and steadfastness. From the time he got up from under that tree to the moment of his death as an old man, the Buddha taught people how to become enlightened: right speech, right goals, a mind focused on what is real, and a heart focused on loving others. Many Buddhists believe in God or gods, but actions are more important than beliefs. There are nearly a billion Buddhists in the world today, mostly in East, Southeast, and South Asia. 2,000 years ago in Judaism’s Promised Land, Christianity was born. Just as Hindus called Krishna “God in Human Form,” Christians say the same thing about Jesus, and Christianity grew out of Judaism just as Buddhism grew out of Hinduism. The angel Gabriel was sent by the God of Abraham to ask a young woman named Mary to become the mother of his son. The son was Jesus, raised as a carpenter by Mary and her husband Joseph, until he turned 30, when he began his public career as the living word of God. Less interested in religiousness than in justice and mercy, Jesus healed the sick in order to draw crowds and then taught them about his heavenly father — affectionate, forgiving, and attentive. Then, he would invite everyone to a common table to illustrate his Kingdom of God, outcasts, sinners, and saints all eating together. He had only three years before his unconventional wisdom got him into trouble. His enemies had him arrested, and he was executed by Rome in the standard means by which rabble-rousers were put to death, crucifixion. But shortly after he was buried, women found his tomb empty and quickly spread word, convinced that he had been raised from the dead. The first Christians described his resurrected appearances, inspiring confidence that his message was true. The message: love one another as I have loved you. Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus in December at Christmas, and his suffering, death, and resurrection during Holy Week in the spring. In the ceremony of baptism, a washing away of sin and welcoming into the Christian community, recall Jesus’s own baptism when he left his life as a carpenter. In the rite of Communion, Christians eat the bread and drink the wine blessed as the body and blood of Jesus, recalling Jesus’s last supper. There are two billion Christians worldwide, representing almost a third of the world’s people. Islam began 1400 years ago with a man of great virtue, meditating in a mountain cave in the Arabian desert. The man was Muhammad. He was visited by a divine messenger, again the angel Gabriel, in Arabic, Jibril, delivering to him the words of Allah, the one God of Abraham. In the next few years, more and more messages came, and he memorized and taught them. The verses he recited were full of wise sayings, beautiful rhymes, and mysterious metaphors. But Muhammad was a merchant, not a poet. Many agreed the verses were indeed the words of God, and these believers became the first Muslims. The word Muslim means one who surrenders, meaning a person who submits to the will of God. A Muslim’s five most important duties are called the Five Pillars: Shahada, Muslims declare publicly, there is no other God but Allah, and Muhammad is his final prophet; Salat, they pray five times a day facing Mecca; Zakat, every Muslim is required to give 2 or 3% of their net worth to the poor; Sawm, they fast during daylight hours for the lunar month of Ramadan to strengthen their willpower and their reliance on God; and Hajj, once in a lifetime, every Muslim who is able must make a pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca, rehearsing for the time when they will stand before God to be judged worthy or unworthy of eternal life with Him. The words of God, revealed to the prophet over 23 years, are collected in the Quran, which literally translates into “the recitation.” Muslims believe it to be the only holy book free of human corruption. It’s also considered by many to be the finest work of literature in the Arabic language. Islam is the world’s second largest religion, practiced by over one and a half billion Muslims around the globe. Religion has been an aspect of culture for as long as it has existed, and there are countless variations of its practice. But common to all religions is an appeal for meaning beyond the empty vanities and lowly realities of existence, beyond sin, suffering, and death, beyond fear, and beyond ourselves.

100 Replies to “The five major world religions – John Bellaimey”

    Did you know that who Cristians call Jesus is actually one of the prophets of Allah in our religion? His name is Hajrat Isha (A). I just wanted to let you know 😊

    And Allah said "Respect other religions, don't mock them and don't FORCE them to come to your religion"
    (Allah please forgive me if there's any mistake in what I said)

  2. Every religion is born in tropical countries.. Hot 🔥 countries.. It's the reality of Asian countries.. Europe somwhat!..
    Western countries don't care about religion in their life.. They're more focused on investigation, exploring world 🌏 and making technologies ,.. Etc!..

  3. Peace be to you (AsSalama'laikum)! Thanks for this video! I am Muslim. However, I studied the Bible, the Talmud and Bagivad Gita (translation). I also visited a Sikh temple. I found that while there are differences in our belief systems, the concept of engaging in acts of kindness and disciplined action, is a shared concept. There is a Unity Walk here in Washington, D.C. (my home). A large group of people of various religions walk down Massachusetts Avenue and visit each other's places of worship. The walk starts at a Synagogue and participants visit a Buddhist temple, Hindu temple, Sikh temple, various Churches and, end the walk at the Islamic Center (masjid/mosque). I found it to be a VERY enlightening and educational experience. It will be this September 8th/ Sunday). Peace!😊☝🏾️🕋⛪🕌🕍🏯

  4. Who things story of christ is similar to that of Krishna ??There is indeed a historical connections between christians and krishna…

  5. This channel is amazing, there was no bias like many other channels tend to have, It remaines truthful and respected every religion!

  6. What a lovely and well informed video. No favouritism just factors that we should all know and educate each other. Love and peace to all that what prophet Muhammed (pbuh) teaches in the quraan .

  7. Ted ed your statement that Hinduism is a religion is wrong… Hinduism is not a religion according to our holy books and even our constitution … It's a way of living… Hinduism can't be stated as a religion as there is no concept of religion when Hinduism formed….
    Please think about it and make your videos on correct informations ….

  8. Remove the one that causing harm to others, from the definition of 'religion'.

    Place it under the category of primitive, fascist death cult.

  9. Comparison of Jesus with Krishna is the most common misconceptions in the West and the source of biggest misunderstanding. In fact Krishna was born long later than the Hindu philosophies. Obviously the word Hindu didn't existed back then. That word is quite recent.

  10. Five major world religions? There's more followers of Shintoism, Taoism, Sikhism, and Falun Gong then there are of Judaism but I guess we're just going to ignore them. All of those (Judaism included) don't come anywhere near the big four in numbers. Not sure why you feel the need to shoehorn in a medium sized religion at the expense of others. That offends my sense of fairness.

  11. Jesus Christ said: I am the way the truth and the life no man cometh unto the father but by me. Jesus is the ONLY way to salvation.

  12. Judaism: There are many layers of understanding God and its human's destiny to grasp his meaning
    Hinduism: Everything is of one eternal soul, Atman, despite of countless rebirths and forms
    Buddhism: Let it go for everything is unattainable, suffering is in attachment
    Christianity: Jesus has died for our sins, trust him for he will show you the way of Lord
    Muslim: God, Allah, is benevolent, universal, indescribable and only can be seen by good deeds

  13. Occult= That which is not known.
    Exploring an unknown cave.
    Parachuting-Will the chute open like it should?
    On a more humorous note, what will tomorrow bring?

  14. Budha is from Nepal and  also considered as a Vishnu's  avatar for many Hindus. Nepal and India are very close they share same culture and religion actually budha born in Nepal but enlightened in India.

  15. (The God) is The English word for the creator of the world. (Allah) is the Arabic word that correspond the English word (The God).
    Allah(The God) is not a human not a cow not an idol not a stone. He is the ONE AND ONLY GOD, because the creator of the electron and proton is the creator of all universe, To him is the kingdom of the earth and what in the sky, And if there is any god other than Allah then will fight each other and all in the universe will be destroyed.
    WHY WE CAN NOT SEE ALLAH (THE GOD) and why we are exist????
    Allah is wise, he is eternal, nothing was exist except him, and he willed with his wisdom to creat absolute life of happiness and absolute life of decay, and because he is just and fair he created this world as TRIAL LIFE, the rightous people will be in the happiness life and the wrong doers will be in the decay life.
    If anyone worshiped the creator ( Allah=The God) alone and worshiped not anything besides him then he will go to paradise BUT IF HE WORSHIPED ANYTHING BESIDES HIM THEN HE WILL BE SURELY IN THE ABSOLUTE DACAY LIFE.

  16. Hello as a muslim i say its not really respected if you show pictures of prophets or angels but you explained everything very good

  17. Those last words are so beautiful. We practice religion for ourselves coz we can never love others without loving ourselves first. All religions have different interpretations, but they share a common teaching – to be a wise and accepting human being.

  18. Hinduism didn't started with Krishna, Hinduism was way older than him. He was just a avatar of Vishnu, the Geeta (holy book) of Hindus is nothing but the conversationalist of him and Arjuna in the Mahabharata War.

  19. God is an astral artificial intelligence parasite being that splits itself into many faces and masks — it does not matter which religion they lead back to the same White Light harvester of soul energy.

    Angels and Demons play for the same team — Demons scare and herd people into the False Light.

    God needs to get off our money supply, out of our schools, and out of our government.

  20. As a muslims..I expected some sort of propaganda..But you just said what it is..Good job

    I wanna clarify to any islamophobe reading this comment..Please stop falling and sharing propaganda..Its not worth lying to yourself nor lie to others..I have debated tons of islamophobes,and they all got silenced..Make some research,then speak..You are being brainwashed by those who want geopoilitical advantage like ISIS,and those who count them true muslims,the media..

    How can we be terrorists,when our greeting is:As Salam u aleikum;(Trns)May peace be upon you..and the response to it has to be better as told by The Prophet(Saws)
    Wa alaikum salam,wa rahmetullahi,wa barakatuhu;
    (Trns)May peace,mercy,and blessings be upon you!

    Open your mind and heart..don't let em be corrupted

    Take care!

  21. Turning Point: Hindu Religious.

    Human's First Religious is "Asivaham". its made by nature (Linga). It's first God is Lord shiva. He is a first scientist (Sidha) or ruler. He speaks Tamil. (Note Tamil is oldest language in world).

  22. Btw am a Muslim we respect the other religions my friend is Christian we are like real friends and btw jesus in our religion islam said to be return when time come and people is corrupted we as muslims respect and marry anyone from the holy three books by the three messengers and btw musa stories are my lovely ones to my heart (Islam Christians Jewish )is our way to marry freely cause we have what we call peace and brotherhood with other religions

  23. Thank you for the informative video, it was a pleasant read. However, I just want to clarify that the main message of Christianity isn't just loving one another as Jesus loved us. It's more so focused on this:

    You have rebelled (sinned) against God and you deserve to be judged. Jesus (who himself is God) took your place in that judgement by dying on the cross and rose again 3 days later to defeat life and death. Trust in Jesus Christ and what He has done.

  24. This video is incomplete you forgot to mention the most important thing in Islam – "The martyrdom of Imam Hussain" The believers of Panjetan Pak (AS) .

  25. I was so impressed by TEDEd, After watching this video I came to conclusion that TEDEd need to be more specific and clear, many smart people follow you, please avoid False claim's
    Islam is religion of Abraham, David, Solomon, Moses and Jesus, and Qur'an Command Muhammad to follow the same religion, it has confirmed in many places in Qur'an.
    Before making this video TEDEd has not gone through the religious scriptures basically, and came to conclusion that Islam began in 6th century.
    We Muslim believe on the basis of Qur'an which is revealed to the final Prophet Mohammed Pbuh, that first there was only one religion,
    People soon began to divided them in to sectors, later God has sent many messenger to call people towards oneness of God.
    Means there is only one religion rest are cults and sects.

  26. "Wars are sacred for those who have to fight them, if people who started war didn't make them sacred who'd be foolish enough to fight?"
    -margaret mitchell
    The second we hate eachother and fight a war of difference elimination is the second we know we've lost the greatest cause of humanity: freedom
    My greatest respect to all personal beliefs and religions..
    And my love for all the people who stand side by side loving the fact that we are DIFFERENT and it's our right not a crime or terrorism

  27. Actually, hinduism is a practice and a way of living rather than a religion of people living extending from the bank of Indus river towards east. The persians designated the land around the Indus River as Hindu, a mispronunciation of the Sanskrit Sindhu.

  28. I respect all the humans whether they follow any religion or atheist 🙏🙏🙏🙏🙏… World is a family…Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam.

  29. I was watching this video for school, and I went to check the comment section because I thought it’d be a mess.. I was wrong. So peaceful 😳🤭

  30. Narration is succinct yet comprehensive but budda was born in Nepal not India therefore his journey embarked from Nepal not India. He was enlightened under the fig tree in bodhgaya(india) you can say that.

  31. The voice of the narrarator has alot to do with the calmness. He speaks about each one with respect and gives each one dignity. When you do not feel attacked you stay peaceful.

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