Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre

Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre


The Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre is
the name given to the 1929 murder of six mob associates and a mechanic of the
North Side Irish gang led by Bugs Moran during the Prohibition Era. It resulted
from the struggle – between the Irish American gang and the South Side Italian
gang led by Al Capone – to take control of organized crime in Chicago. Former
members of the Egan’s Rats gang were also suspected of having played a
significant role in the incident, assisting Capone.
History On February 14, 1929, five members of
the North Gang, plus gang collaborators Reinhardt H. Schwimmer and John May,
were lined up against the rear inside wall of the garage at 2122 North Clark
Street, in the Lincoln Park neighborhood of Chicago’s North Side, and murdered.
Two of the shooters were dressed as uniformed policemen, while the others
wore suits, ties, overcoats and hats, according to witnesses who saw the
“police” leading the other men at gunpoint out of the garage after the
shooting. John May’s German Shepherd, Highball, who was leashed to a truck,
began howling and barking, attracting the attention of two women who operated
boarding houses across the street. One of the women, Mrs Landesman, sensed
something was wrong and sent one of her tenants to the garage to see what was
upsetting the dog. The woman ran out, sickened at the sight. Frank Gusenberg
was still alive after the killers left the scene and was rushed to the hospital
shortly after real police officers arrived at the scene. When the doctors
had Gusenberg stabilized, police tried to question him but when asked who shot
him, he replied, “No one shot me,” despite having sustained fourteen bullet
wounds. George “Bugs” Moran was the boss of the
long-established North Side Gang, formerly headed by Dion O’Banion who was
murdered by four gunmen five years earlier in his flower shop on North
State Street. Everyone who had taken command of the North Siders since
O’Banion’s rule had begun had been murdered, supposedly by various members
or associates of the Capone organization. This massacre was
allegedly planned by the Capone mob in retaliation for an unsuccessful attempt
by Frank Gusenberg and his brother Peter to murder Jack McGurn earlier in the
year and for the North Side Gang’s complicity in the murders of Pasqualino
“Patsy” Lolordo and Antonio “The Scourge” Lombardo – both had been
presidents of the Unione Siciliana, the local Mafia, and close associates of
Capone. Bugs Moran’s muscling in on a Capone-run dog track in the Chicago
suburbs, his takeover of several Capone-owned saloons that he insisted
were in his territory, and the general rivalry between Moran and Capone for
complete control of the lucrative Chicago bootlegging business were
probable contributing factors to this incident.
The plan was to lure Bugs Moran to the SMC Cartage warehouse on North Clark
Street. Contrary to common belief, this plan did not intend to eliminate the
entire North Side gang – just Moran, and perhaps two or three of his lieutenants.
It is usually assumed that they were lured to the garage with the promise of
a stolen, cut-rate shipment of whiskey, supplied by Detroit’s Purple Gang, also
associates of Capone. However, some recent studies dispute this, although
there seems to have been hardly any other good reason for so many of the
North Siders to be there. One of these theories states that all of the victims
were dressed in their best clothes, which would not have been suitable for
unloading a large shipment of whiskey crates and driving it away – even though
this is how they, and other gangsters, were usually dressed at the time. The
Gusenberg brothers were also supposed to drive two empty trucks to Detroit that
day to pick up two loads of stolen Canadian whiskey.
On St Valentine’s Day, most of the Moran gang had already arrived at the
warehouse by approximately 10.30am Moran was not there, having left his Parkway
Hotel apartment late. As Moran and one of his men, Ted Newberry, approached the
rear of the warehouse from a side street they saw the police car pull up. They
immediately turned and retraced their steps, going to a nearby coffee shop. On
the way, they ran into another gang member, Henry Gusenberg, and warned him
away from the place. A fourth gang member, Willie Marks, was also on his
way to the garage when he spotted the police car. Ducking into a doorway, he
jotted down the license number before leaving the neighborhood.
Capone’s lookouts likely mistook one of Moran’s men for Moran himself – probably
Albert Weinshank, who was the same height and build. That morning the
physical similarity between the two men was enhanced by their dress: both
happened to be wearing the same color overcoats and hats. Witnesses outside
the garage saw a Cadillac sedan pull to a stop in front of the garage. Four men,
two dressed in police uniform, emerged and walked inside. The two fake police
officers, carrying shotguns, entered the rear portion of the garage and found
members of Moran’s gang and two gang collaborators, Reinhart Schwimmer and
John May, who was fixing one of the trucks. The “police officers” then
ordered the men to line up against the wall.
The two “police officers” then signaled to the pair in civilian clothes who had
accompanied them. Two of the killers opened fire with Tommy guns, one
containing a 20-round box magazine and the other a 50-round drum. They were
thorough, spraying their victims left and right, even continuing to fire after
all seven had hit the floor. The seven men were ripped apart in the volley, and
two shotgun blasts afterward all but obliterated the faces of John May and
James Clark, according to the coroner’s report.
To give the appearance that everything was under control, the men in street
clothes came out with their hands up, prodded by the two uniformed police
officers. Inside the garage, the only survivors in the warehouse were Highball
and Frank Gusenberg. Despite fourteen bullet wounds, he was still conscious,
but died three hours later, refusing to utter a word about the identities of the
killers. The Valentine’s Massacre set off a public outcry that posed a problem
for all mob bosses.=Victims=
Peter Gusenberg, a frontline enforcer for the Moran organizations.
Frank Gusenberg, the brother of Peter Gusenberg and also an enforcer. Frank
was still alive when police first arrived on the scene, despite reportedly
having fourteen bullets in his body. When questioned by the police and
surrounding witness about the shooting, his only response was “Nobody shot me.”
He died three hours later. Albert Kachellek, Moran’s
second-in-command. Adam Heyer, the bookkeeper and business
manager of the Moran gang. Reinhardt Schwimmer, an optician who had
abandoned his practice to gamble on horse racing and associate with the
Moran gang. Although Schwimmer called himself an “optometrist” he was actually
an optician and had no medical training. Albert Weinshank, who managed several
cleaning and dyeing operations for Moran. His resemblance to Moran,
including the clothes he was wearing, is what allegedly set the massacre in
motion before Moran actually arrived. John May, an occasional car mechanic for
the Moran gang, though not a gang member himself. May had two earlier arrests but
was attempting to work legally. However, his desperate need of cash, with a wife
and seven children, caused May to accept jobs with the Moran gang as a mechanic.
Investigation Since it was common knowledge that Moran
was hijacking Capone’s Detroit-based liquor shipments, police focused their
attention on Detroit’s predominantly Jewish Purple Gang. Mug shots of Purple
members Jim Carrey, Fletch, Ryan Van Wart and his younger brother Harry, were
picked out by landladies Mrs. Doody and Mrs. Orvidson, who had taken in three
men as roomers ten days before the massacre; their rooming houses were
directly across the street from the Clark Street garage. Later, these women
wavered in their identification, and Fletcher, Lewis, and Harry Keywell were
all questioned and cleared by Chicago Police. Nevertheless, the Keywell
brothers would remain ensnared in the massacre case for all time. Many also
believed what the killers wanted them to believe – that the police did it.
February 22, police were called to the scene of a garage fire on Wood Street
where a 1927 Cadillac Sedan was found disassembled and partially burned. It
was determined that the car had been used by the killers. The engine number
was traced to a Michigan Avenue dealer, who had sold the car to a James Morton
of Los Angeles. The garage had been rented by a man calling himself Frank
Rogers, who gave his address as 1859 West North Avenue – which happened to be
the address of the Circus Café, operated by Claude Maddox, a former St. Louis
gangster with ties to the Capone organization, the Purple Gang, and a St.
Louis gang called Egan’s Rats. Police could not turn up any information about
persons named James Morton or Frank Rogers. But they had a definite lead on
one of the killers. Just minutes before the killings, a truck driver named Elmer
Lewis had turned a corner only a block away from 2122 North Clark and
sideswiped what he took to be a police car. He told police later that he
stopped immediately but was waved away by the uniformed driver, whom he noticed
was missing a front tooth. The same description of the car’s driver was also
given by the president of the Board of Education, H. Wallace Caldwell, who had
also witnessed the accident. Police knew that this description could be none
other than a former member of Egan’s Rats, Fred ‘Killer’ Burke; Burke and a
close companion, James Ray, were well known to wear police uniforms whenever
on a robbery spree. Burke was also a fugitive, under indictment for robbery
and murder in Ohio. Police also suggested that Joseph Lolordo could have
been one of the killers, because of his brother Pasqualino’s recent murder by
the North Side Gang. Police then announced that they
suspected Capone gunmen John Scalise and Albert Anselmi, as well as Jack McGurn
himself, and Frank Rio, a Capone bodyguard. Police eventually charged
McGurn and Scalise with the massacre. John Scalise, along with Anselmi and
Joseph ‘Hop Toad’ Giunta, were murdered by Capone in May 1929, after Capone
learned about their plan to kill him, and before he went to trial. The murder
charges against Jack McGurn were finally dropped because of a lack of evidence,
and he was just charged with a violation of the Mann Act: he took his girlfriend,
Louise Rolfe, who was also the main witness against him and became known as
the “Blonde Alibi”, across state lines to marry.
The case stagnated until December 14, 1929, when the Berrien County, Michigan
Sheriff’s Department raided the St. Joseph, Michigan bungalow of “Frederick
Dane”, the registered owner of a vehicle driven by Fred “Killer” Burke. Burke had
been drinking that night, rear-ended another vehicle and drove off. Patrolman
Charles Skelly pursued, finally forcing Burke off the road. As Skelly hopped on
the running board he was shot three times and died of his wounds later that
night. The car was found wrecked and abandoned just outside St. Joseph and
traced to Fred Dane. By this time police photos confirmed that Dane was in fact
Fred Burke, wanted by the Chicago police for his participation in the St.
Valentine’s Day Massacre. When police raided Burke’s bungalow,
they found a large trunk containing a bullet-proof vest, almost $320,000 in
bonds recently stolen from a Wisconsin bank, two Thompson submachine guns,
pistols, two shotguns, and thousands of rounds of ammunition. St. Joseph
authorities immediately notified the Chicago police, who requested that both
machine guns be brought there at once. Through the then relatively new science
of forensic ballistics, both weapons were determined to have been used in the
massacre – and that one of Burke’s Tommy guns had also been used to murder New
York mobster Frankie Yale a year and a half earlier. Unfortunately, no further
concrete evidence would surface in the massacre case. Burke would be captured
over a year later on a Missouri farm. As the case against him in the murder of
Officer Skelly was strongest, he was tried in Michigan and subsequently
sentenced to life imprisonment. Burke died in prison in 1940.
Bolton revelations January 8, 1935, Federal Bureau of
Investigation agents surrounded a Chicago apartment building at 3920 North
Pine Grove, looking for the remaining members of the Barker Gang. A brief
shootout erupted, resulting in the death of bank robber Russell Gibson. Also
taken into custody were Doc Barker, Byron Bolton, and two women. While
interrogating agents got nothing out of Barker, Bolton proved to be a “geyser of
information”, as one crime historian called him. Bolton, a former Navy
machine-gunner and associate of Egan’s Rats, had been the valet and sidekick of
a slick Chicago hit man named Fred Goetz aka “Shotgun” George Ziegler. Bolton was
privy to many of the Barker Gang’s crimes and even pinpointed the Florida
hideout of Ma and Freddie Barker. To the agents’ surprise, Bolton kept on talking
and claimed to have taken part in the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre with Goetz,
Fred Burke, and several others. Because the FBI had no jurisdiction in a
state murder case, they attempted to keep Bolton’s revelations confidential,
until the Chicago American newspaper somehow got its hands on a second-hand
version of the bank robber’s confession. The newspaper declared that the crime
had been “solved”, despite being stonewalled by J. Edgar Hoover and the
Bureau, who did not want any part of the massacre case. Garbled versions of
Bolton’s story went out in the national media. Pieced together, his tale went
like this: Bolton claimed that the murder of Bugs Moran had been plotted in
“October or November” 1928 at a Couderay, Wisconsin resort owned by Fred
Goetz. Present at this meet were Goetz, Al Capone, Frank Nitti, Fred Burke, Gus
Winkeler, Louis Campagna, Daniel Serritella, William Pacelli, and Bolton
himself. The men stayed two or three weeks, hunting and fishing when they
were not planning the murder of their enemies.
Byron Bolton claimed he and Jimmy Moran were charged with watching the S.M.C.
Cartage garage and phoning the signal to the killers at the Circus Café when Bugs
Moran arrived at the meeting. Police had indeed found a letter addressed to
Bolton in the lookout nest. Bolton guessed that the actual killers had been
Burke, Winkeler, Goetz, Bob Carey, Raymond “Crane Neck” Nugent, and Claude
Maddox. Bolton gave an account of the massacre different from the one
generally told by historians. He claimed that he saw only “plainclothes” men exit
the Cadillac and go into the garage. This indicates that a second car was
used by the killers. One witness, George Brichet, claimed to have seen at least
two uniformed men exiting a car in the alley and entering the garage through
its rear doors. A Peerless sedan had been found near a Maywood house owned by
Claude Maddox in the days after the massacre, and in one of the pockets was
an address book belonging to victim Albert Weinshank. Bolton further
indicated he had mistaken one of Moran’s men to be Moran, after which he
telephoned the signal to the Circus Café. When the killers were unexpectedly
confronted with seven men, they simply decided to kill them all and get out
fast. Bolton claimed that Capone was furious with him for his mistake and
threatened to kill him, only to be dissuaded by Fred Goetz.
His claims were corroborated by Gus Winkeler’s widow, Georgette, in both an
official FBI statement and her memoirs, which were published in a four-part
series in a true detective magazine during the winter of 1935–36. Georgette
Winkeler revealed that her husband and his friends had formed a special crew
used by Capone for high-risk jobs. The mob boss was said to have trusted them
implicitly and nicknamed them the “American Boys”. Byron Bolton’s
statements were also backed up by William Drury, a maverick Chicago
detective who had stayed on the massacre case long after everyone else had given
up. Bank robber Alvin Karpis later claimed to have heard secondhand from
Ray Nugent about the massacre and that the “American Boys” were paid a
collective salary of $2,000 a week plus bonuses. Karpis also claimed that Capone
himself had told him while they were in Alcatraz together that Goetz had been
the actual planner of the massacre. Despite Byron Bolton’s statements, no
action was taken by the FBI. All the men he named, with the exceptions of Burke
and Maddox, were all dead by 1935. Bank robber Harvey Bailey would later
complain in his 1973 autobiography that he and Fred Burke had been drinking beer
in Calumet City at the time of the massacre, and the resulting heat forced
them to abandon their bank robbing ventures. Claude Maddox was questioned
fruitlessly by Chicago Police, and there the matter lay. Crime historians are
still divided on whether or not the “American Boys” committed the St.
Valentine’s Day Massacre. Other suspects
Over the years, many mobsters, in and out of Chicago, would be named as part
of the Valentine’s Day hit team. Two prime suspects are Cosa Nostra hit men
John Scalise and Albert Anselmi; both men were effective killers and are
frequently mentioned as possibilities for two of the shooters. In the days
after the massacre, Scalise was heard to brag, “I am the most powerful man in
Chicago.” He had recently been elevated to the position of vice-president in the
Unione Siciliana by its president, Joseph Guinta. Nevertheless, Scalise,
Anselmi, and Guinta would be found dead on a lonely road near Hammond, Indiana
May 8, 1929. Gangland lore has it that Al Capone had discovered that the pair
was planning to betray him. Legend states that at the climax of a dinner
party thrown in their honor, Capone produced a baseball bat and beat the
trio to death. Murder weapons
The two Thompson submachine guns found in Fred Dane’s Michigan bungalow were
personally driven to the Chicago coroner’s office by the Berrien County
District Attorney. Ballistic expert Calvin Goddard tested the weapons and
determined that both had been used in the massacre. One of them had also been
used in the murder of Brooklyn mob boss Frankie Yale, which confirmed the New
York Police Department’s long-held theory that Burke, and by extension Al
Capone, had been responsible for Yale’s death.
Gun No. 2347 had been originally purchased November 12, 1924, by Les
Farmer, a deputy sheriff in Marion, Illinois, which happened to be the seat
of Williamson County. Marion and the surrounding area were then overrun by
the warring bootleg factions of the Shelton Brothers and Charlie Birger.
Deputy Farmer was documented as having ties with Egan’s Rats, based 100 miles
away in St. Louis. By the beginning of 1927 at the very latest, the weapon had
wound up in Fred Burke’s possession. It is possible he had used this same gun in
Detroit’s Milaflores Massacre March 28, 1927.
Gun No. 7580 had been sold by Chicago sporting goods owner Peter von Frantzius
to a Victor Thompson in the care of the Fox Hotel of Elgin, Illinois. Some time
after the purchase the machine gun wound up with James “Bozo” Shupe, a small-time
hood from Chicago’s West Side who had ties to various members of Capone’s
outfit. Both submachine guns are still in the
possession of the Berrien County Sheriff’s Department in St. Joseph,
Michigan. Legacy
=Crime scene and bricks from the murder wall=
The garage, which stood at 2122 N. Clark Street, was demolished in 1967; the site
is now a landscaped parking lot for a nursing home. There is still controversy
over the actual bricks used to build the north inside wall of the building where
the mobsters were lined up and shot. They were claimed to be responsible,
according to stories, for bringing financial ruin, illness, bad luck and
death to anyone who bought them. The bricks from the bullet-marked inside
North wall were purchased and saved by Canadian businessman George Patey in
1967. His original intention was to use them in a restaurant that he
represented, but the restaurant’s owner did not like the idea. Patey ended up
buying the bricks himself, outbidding three or four others. Patey had the wall
painstakingly taken apart and each of the 414 bricks numbered, then shipped
them to Canada. There are conflicting reports about what
George Patey did with the bricks after he obtained them. In 1978, Time reported
that Patey reassembled the wall and put it on display in a wax museum as a
backdrop for gun-wielding gangsters shooting each other to the accompaniment
of recorded gunshots. The wax museum later went bankrupt. Another source, an
independent newspaper in the United Kingdom, reported in February 2000 that
the wall toured shopping malls and exhibitions in the United States for a
couple of decades. In 1968, Patey stopped exhibiting the bricks and put
them into retirement. In 1971, Patey opened a nightclub called
the Banjo Palace in Vancouver that had a Roaring Twenties theme and the famous
bricks were installed inside the men’s washroom with a Plexiglas shield, so
that patrons could urinate and try to hit the targets painted on the
Plexiglas. In a 2001 interview with an Argentinian journalist, Patey said, “I
had the most popular club in the city. People came from high society and
entertainment, Jimmy Stewart, Robert Mitchum.” The bricks were placed in
storage until 1997 when Patey tried to auction them on a website called Jet Set
On The Net. The deal fell-through after a disagreement with the auction company.
The last known substantial offer for the entire wall was made by a Las Vegas
casino but Patey refused the $175,000 offer.
In 1999, Patey tried to sell them brick by brick on his own website and sold
about one hundred to gangster buffs. These came with signed certificates by
Patey. Patey died December 26, 2004, having never revealed how much he paid
for the bricks at auction. The remaining bricks of his massacre wall were given
as an inheritance to his niece who sold them to the Mob Museum in Las Vegas,
which opened February 14, 2012. While the wall is no longer complete because
of Patey’s sale of some bricks, it still remains the original massacre wall
against which the seven men were lined up and killed by Capone-hired killers.
=Artistic representations=Dramatic
The massacre is dramatized in a scene from the 1932 film Scarface.
The massacre was dramatized in the 1958 Playhouse 90 production Seven Against
the Wall. The massacre was used as a plot device
in the 1959 film Some Like It Hot. The massacre was famously the subject of
Roger Corman’s 1967 film The St. Valentine’s Day Massacre. This film,
possibly the most well-known of all portrayals of the incident, is a mixture
of solid historical facts and conjecture.
The TV show The Wonder Years included an episode named “The St. Valentine’s Day
Massacre” that aired 13 February 1990 as episode 14 of its third season.
The 1991 movie Oscar, starring Sylvester Stallone, includes a reference to the
massacre as well. Stallone plays “Snaps” Provolone, a prominent gangster in
Chicago in 1931. In a scene early in the movie, his accountant reminds him, “You
were in Chicago… It was Saint Valentine’s Day,” at which Stallone and
one of his goons exchange a knowing smile and a chuckle.
The TV series Early Edition included a season four episode named “Everybody
Goes to Rick’s”. Its story is based on the event.
In a season four episode of The Golden Girls entitled “Valentine’s Day”, Sophia
claims to have witnessed the massacre. The TV show Happy Endings, aired an
episode entitled “The St. Valentine’s Day Massacre.”
In the episode “Goodies Rule – O.K?”, broadcast 21 December 1975, The Goodies
lampoon the incident by dressing up as gangsters of the period and attacking
the victims against the wall with pies instead of Thompson submachine guns.
“The authorities were finally to sit up and take note of their activities after
the events of February 14th, St Valentine’s Day,” The Goodies had formed
a gang known as the “Unmentionables.” In episode 14 of the sixth season of the
TV series Bones, Agent Booth and Dr. Brennan celebrate Valentine’s Day by
shooting Thompson submachine guns at firing range “in honor of the
St.Valentine’s Day Massacre”. In episode 10 of season two of The
Spectacular Spider-Man, Silvermane states, while toasting with ‘The Big
Man’ and ‘Doctor Octopus’ at a summit, ”To the Valentine’s Day Massac-…
summit.” The Untouchables: Capone Rising, the
shelved prequel to The Untouchables, was to feature a fictionalised version of
the massacre, depicted as a war between Capone’s gang and Irish gangsters
rallied by fictional Irish-American policeman James “Jim” Malone, the latter
seeking revenge against Capone for murdering an innocent maid who witnessed
one of his previous murders. Ted Danson’s character “Becker” made a
comment in an episode that ‘the only person to ever celebrate Valentine’s Day
right was Al Capone”. At the beginning of a case in Detective
Conan, the protagonist mentioned this case. The crime scene was drawn non
violently, only showing El Capone shooting guns and the victims dying
without blood. Improvisational theatre tournament
International Theatresports Tournament, hosted by Vancouver Theatresports League
Popular music Ska band Mark Foggo’s Skasters made an
album and a song called “St Valentine’s Day Massacre”
It also inspired the song “Valentine’s Day” by singer/song-writer James Taylor
and rapper 50 Cent’s 2005 album The Massacre, initially titled “The St.
Valentine’s Day Massacre”. In 1967 John Douglas “Jon” Lord, after
The Artwoods and before Deep Purple, released the single “Brother, can you
spare a dime”under the name of “St. Valentine’s Day Massacre”. The B-side
was “Al’s Party” which of course referred to the incident in New York in
1929. In 1981, Motörhead and Girlschool
released a split EP under the title St. Valentine’s Day Massacre.
“The Valentine’s Day Massacre” is a song on the 2009 album Lost Verses by the
band The Red Shore. “The Touchables” by Dickie Goodman is a
1960’s top-ten hit that parodied the Valentine’s Day Massacre using samples
from popular songs. The song “Peacemaker” from Green Day’s
21st Century Breakdown album has a line containing the words “This is a neo-St.
Valentines Massacre” Singer Joe Bataan released an album in
1972 under the title “Saint Latin’s Day Massacre”.
On the 1974 Album, Alice Cooper’s Greatest Hits,the front cover features
artwork depicting the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre.
The song “Taking My Ball” in the album, “Relapse : Refill” by Eminem mentions
this event in its lyrics. The Epic Rap Battles of History mentions
the event in the video Al Capone vs Blackbeard.
British group Paper Lace released the single “The Night Chicago Died” in 1974,
fictionalizing similar events. Other popular culture references
“Valentines Massacre” – The Strasbourg massacre occurred on February 14, 1349,
when several hundred Jews were publicly burnt to death, and the rest of them
expelled from the city as part of the Black Death persecutions. It was one of
the first and worst pogroms in pre-modern history.
The nickname of the “St. Valentine’s Day massacre” has also been used to refer to
the sixth, and final match-up, between boxers Sugar Ray Robinson and Jake
LaMotta, because it took place Valentine’s Day in 1951, and because of
the beating that LaMotta took, which caused the fight to be stopped in the
13th round. At Disney’s Hollywood Studios’ Great
Movie Ride attraction a set of the ride is Chicago in the 1920s where a shootout
takes place. One of the gangster’s cars has a license plate of 021429, the date
of the massacre. Since 1963, an annual route-finding
contest played entirely on Rand McNally Road Atlases is called the St.
Valentine’s Day Massacre, as entrants must register by February 14.
In 1974, the second Bob Dylan concert held on Sunday, February 14 at the Los
Angeles-area Fabulous Forum climaxing the recording artist’s 40-date hockey
arena comeback tour was widely bootlegged by Inglewood,
California-based underground record company Trademark of Quality under the
title “The St. Valentine’s Day Massacre”.
During the controversy created by National Party Leader Don Brash in New
Zealand over his Orewa Speech on race relations, the first public opinion poll
was released February 14, 2004. The poll was the biggest recorded swing in New
Zealand political history and has been dubbed the Valentine’s Day Poll Massacre
by some commentators. The alleged paranormal aftermath of the
massacre forms a portion of Supernatural Chicago by Neil Tobin, Necromancer.
In 1979, the Dukes of Hazzard episode entitled “Daisy’s Song” included a
reference to the massacre. When the music pirate Lester Starr found that the
mob in his studio were getting rather edgy, he warned Daisy that “this
happened once before on St. Valentine’s Day”.
In 1988 and 1989 in season three and season four of The Golden Girls, Sophia
Petrillo made a comment in season three about being at the St. Valentine’s Day
Massacre, but refused to make any further comments. Later in the season
four episode “Valentine’s Day” she tells the story of how she, her husband, Sal,
and father were on their way to a wedding, but had car trouble in Chicago.
When they pulled into a garage, Sophia’s father goes to use the restroom and gets
in line with the massacre victims. Someone with a machine gun tells him to
leave and he complies, hearing gunfire as he departs. After the second round of
shots the three take off with Sal, pushing the car to get away.
The WWE used the nickname St. Valentine’s Day Massacre for their
pay-per-view St. Valentine’s Day Massacre: In Your House that aired
February 14, 1999. In 2014, Rockstar Games released
downloadable content for Grand Theft Auto V titled “Valentine’s Day Massacre”
featuring suits from the ’20s, a submachine gun modeled after the
Thompson called the Gusenberg Sweeper, A car modeled after Al Capone’s armored
Cadillac 341A Town sedan, and more. See also
List of massacres in Illinois References
Further reading Braucher, Scott. “Life Member Dan
Tortorell, 95, Was At St. Valentine’s Day Massacre”. National Press
Photographers Association. Chicago Shimpo – The Chicago Japanese
American News, Friday, October 10, 2008. Volume 6732, p. 7. ISSN 0009-370X.
Helmer, William and Arthur J. Bilek. The St. Valentine’s Day Massacre: The Untold
Story of the Bloodbath That Brought Down Al Capone. Nashville: Cumberland House,
2004. ISBN 978-1-58182-329-5. External links
The True Story of the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre, excerpted from Get Capone,
by biographer Jonathan Eig Haunted Chicago
Mystery.net Mario Gomes Capone Museum
MisterCapone.com. Official Site of Mr. Capone author, Robert J. Schoenberg
ABC 7 Chicago shoots down massacre theory from the book “Get Capone”

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