LIVE – David Saint-Jacques speaks with the Governor General and the Prime Minister.

LIVE – David Saint-Jacques speaks with the Governor General and the Prime Minister.

Hello. Hello. So, the live downlink is different from
a phone call and you will see a little later, I will introduce Dr. Véronique Morin. She is the most important part of the support
structure that David has, here, on the ground, because she is the mother
of his children and his wife. So, Véronique, you get a phone call from David
almost every day, if not several times a day, because we have a
telephone. We have a telephone on board the Space Station,
a real, real telephone. It’s the best telephone in the world, because we
can call anywhere in the world, when we want, but no one can call us. So, we
are never disturbed, Mr. Prime Minister, never disturbed, but we can
disturb anyone at any time. So, the telephone is used for personal things,
then for – but we do nothing official in space, by telephone. We do that through space-to-
ground loops, which are the normal loops where everybody is listening, in Moscow, in
Houston, in Saint-Hubert, we’re all listening to the same loop, so everybody
understands what is happening on the operational side. So, today, we’re going to
be talking on space-to-ground — most probably public Space-to-Ground 2, which
is one of the two official space-to-ground loops. So, this is different than just a phone call, and
that’s why it’s all very safe. So, right now, he is setting up the camera —
because he is by himself. He is the cameraman. He is the sound guy. He is
the journalist. He is the photographer. He is the cook. He is the
cleaning person. He’s everything, up there. Astronauts are very few, to do a lot of tasks. So,
he is setting up the camera. He is preparing his mike. He is testing – then they
are testing with Houston Mission Control. And it’s Aki — Hoshide, who is the CAPCOM, a Japanese astronaut, who is speaking to him in order to set everything
up, so that it’s perfect. All right? And you guys all have your questions?
Responses from the public: Yes, yes. OK? In French? In English? In Japanese?
Someone? No? No one? No? Me neither, I’m very good in Japanese. I’ll — So, it
will probably happen exactly at 05, hum? So, there you go. Do you have any questions for
me while we are waiting? Hum? Because — What’s the difference between
zero gravity and microgravity? Ah; very good question. The difference between
zero gravity, it’s as if there was none at all, at 10 at -20,000, but actually, there is a little, but
so little that we don’t feel it. But for scientific experiments, we cannot
completely isolate. There is nevertheless a little — So, microgravity,
it’s a G, 0.001 G, microgravity, of that at -3. But to really have zero gravity but
with no gravity effect on a scientific experiment, it has to be put on a platform that isolates
completely – because there are vibrations in the Station that
create just a little artificial gravity, and that, it’s when we get the 10 to -9, 10 to -12
G, 0.00000001 G. That’s when there is really no more. There is
really no more. But — Ah; here’s Mission Control. I’m going to
show you around a little. I’m changing places, This, it’s – Ah, that’s not Aki.
It’s someone else. He is there, the Flight Director. I was told that the
CAPCOM was Aki, but that’s not Aki at all, that – so I won’t say hello to him. It’s someone
else. It’s – I don’t know him, that one. And him, he is a new Flight Director who has just
been appointed, Rick Enfling. He was working on the space shuttle when I
was there. Because me, I’m not young, young, now. I have
been here a long time. We should be hearing them soon. Do you hear
them? Space-to-Ground 2? 30 seconds. All right. I’m sitting down. I will behave. All right. So, you give it back to me, then I will give it to
Finn. Ah; you already have one? Excuse me. So, who
is next for the question, after Fin? Do we need two mikes? Perhaps — Finn first. It
doesn’t go like this? We just pass it on? Okay. So, we don’t — Okay. You don’t need — But
I don’t think we’ll do 18 questions, not really. You can keep your mike. Then you are going to
tell me, in this way I’ll be able to — OK; say: last question. All right. It’s nice with the candelabra that is almost on the
floor, right? — Interesting. Station, this is for David: We are ready for the
event, whenever you are. We will meet you in the lab. That is the CAPCOM
speaking. Yes, he is speaking to David. Station, this is Houston. Are you ready for the
event? Houston, this is Station. I am ready. Canadian
Space Agency, this is Mission Control, Houston. Please call Station for a voice check. David,
Rideau Hall here, in Ottawa. We can see you and we hear you loud and clear.
How do you hear us? Hello Julie; loud and clear from the Space Station.
All right. David, what a joy to be here with you in this event. We are all very impressed with
the work you are doing and the generosity with which you share this experience. Thank you
for being there. We are very excited. We, Earthlings from Canada; we follow you
every step of the way. Well, actually, maybe not a step, actually,
because you are in weightlessness and you’re not touching the ground, but you will
tell us about this in a minute. We see you. You don’t see us. So, let me tell you
that we are here at Rideau Hall, with friends and colleagues, and students. But I
also have someone very special right next to me, who is going to say hi. Hello, my love? There is a delay. Say it again. Hello David. Do you
hear me? Hello, hello. How are you my love? And another very special person would like to
say hello to you, David. Here’s the Prime Minister of Canada. Hello David.
It’s pleasure to see you in space. We had a nice conversation just before the
launch. I’m happy that you are there to represent us, with
that Canadian flag, and with all your extraordinary work. As you
know, science is extraordinarily important to Canadians. It is important to this government,
and our capacity to continue to be world-class in our contributions to science and to space is
really important to me, to you, and I think to all Canadians. I am just so glad to be
able to celebrate with you what you’re doing, and mostly be able to turn it over to some young
people who have some really important questions for you. Because we know that’s how
we engage the next generation and getting it excited about space is key to building a
stronger and better Canada. So, I’m going to turn it over right now to Finn, who
has a question for you. You went through a lot of training and
preparation, to be ready for this mission, yet sometimes simulations cannot prepare you for
every situation. Thank you, Mr. Prime Minister. Was there an event that happened that you were
surprised about and how did you handle it? Hey, Finn. That’s a great question. Yes, you are
right. All you see is the tip of the iceberg, here, as I am finally ready and — you know, we
say that astronauts, we kind of make our job look easy, but it is not
easy. There is lots of training. You know, I think — what was the most
surprising, coming here, of course, is that everything is a bit familiar, because of all
the training, but it is strange that you are floating, and everything is floating
around you. You have to learn to live again, basically, and
how to handle things. But what is most unbelievable, of course, is the
view out of the window. Every time I open those window shutters and
look at the Earth below me, I’m just — you know, (inaudible). This is — it is an incredible
point of view and it is such beauty. It makes you want to come back to Earth and
make it better. Hello. My name is Sarah. Can you describe the
feeling of being in microgravity? Hello Sarah. Well actually, this is a little like being
in a swimming pool, perhaps? You see, I can let myself float like this — and voilà;
I’m not touching anything. For a few weeks, we have the funny feeling that
our stomach is floating inside us, a little like when – if you jump in a very high dive;
while you are falling, the sensation that everything is coming back up. After, we are a
little congested, because the blood rushes to our head. So, we
have some strange sensations like this, but it’s mostly the fact that we can move around
while flying. This is what is really incredible. Hello. I am Serena. How do you use creativity or
artistic skills, in Space? Ah, yes. So, it depends, of course, on the talents
you have. We are all familiar with Commander Hadfield, who is a brilliant
musician, and used that to play music in Space. A lot of people use photography as a way to
express themselves artistically, because the Earth is so beautiful, and you can
take endless amazing photos of our beautiful planet, from here. So, hi. My name is Simon, and I was wondering;
what are some of the coolest projects you’re working on in Space? Great question, Simon, thanks. So, as you know,
the Space Station is a laboratory. So, we are here to do scientific research on
behalf of scientists in many, many countries around the world. One of the
things that I like most myself, particularly, is anything that has to do with medicine, and in
particular with healthcare. Because before being an astronaut I was a
family doctor in a small Arctic village in the north of the country, and the problem of
giving good healthcare to remote communities is the same problem as giving good healthcare to
astronauts. So, any project that helps with healthcare of
astronauts will help healthcare of people living in rural and far-away places in
our country. So, for example, there is a cool project
sponsored by the Canadian Space Agency called biomonitoring, where it would be like a
smart shirt that can take all your vital signs. So, you could be constantly monitoring your
health without having tubes or cables connected to you, and I think that has great future
for health monitoring in remote communities or perhaps people on
expeditions or our deployed troops, or people who have a hard time leaving their
home, even if they live in a big city. This is the future of healthcare, I think, what we
are developing up here. Hello. My name is Amelia and I wanted to ask you:
is it possible to see pollution, from space? Like, for example, the plastic in the oceans? I tried
to see the mass of plastic in the ocean, I tried to see the mass of plastic in the ocean, but I was not able to see it. But, perhaps I have to
look for closely. But in general, yes, we can subtly see the
effects of pollution. We see a kind of smog around big cities. And
then, obviously, we can take photos, for example, of glaciers or icebergs, or of polar
zones, and compare with old photos and see that ice melting is increasing. We can
see deforestation – another effect – of man’s presence. So, there are subtle effects
that we can see on our beautiful planet. Hello. My name is Simon, and my question is:
what kinds of experiments and research do you do in
space? Yes; so, earlier I described a medical experiment,
but there are many other types of experiences. For example, a little earlier – I was trying to set up
our garden. We – we are trying to grow plants in space, so
that one day we can travel to Mars with food that we will produce ourselves, for
example. We can do research in molecular biology, do
research in pharmacology, research in materials science and research in
astrophysics, which is done here; a lot of research in human psychology. There is
research – or on a – Also, more technological research on how to
survive in space, how to improve our survival systems here. So,
there’s a whole series of experiments that we perform on board, hundreds that are
under way at this time, thousands since the beginning of the Station; and all that, it has
spinoffs for the Earth. That’s what fantastic about space research, it’s
that it always ends up being useful for everyone. Hi. I’m Ivan. I wanted to know: What are some of
the other non-science skills that you used to make your time on the Space
Station successful? Good question. So, yes; to be a successful crew
member, here, you need to have a pretty wide range of skills. You don’t have to be a champion at anything but
you need to be reasonably good at — mechanics, for example. I was just, before this
conference, repairing our oxygen sensor. That’s — I feel like I was plumber, suddenly. Or
working — a mechanic working under a car; lots of bolts and pipes to remove, stain and clean.
You have to be good at robotics. I’m just standing in front of the Canadian Robotics
Workstation, so you have to be able to control Canadarm.
You’ve got to be able to use the spacesuits, or the big, bulky, white spacesuits, to do
spacewalks. That requires strength and fine motor skills, and a
good memory, and a sense of the big picture, and be
mechanically savvy. You have to be sometimes a biologist, because
we are doing experiments on cells. You have to be — of course, be able to speak —
you have to be teacher, so you can share the experience with other
people, like I’m doing right now. Hello. My name is Jaimie. You must have trained
for a long time to be an astronaut. Was there any point that you thought that you
weren’t going to make it, or that something was too hard? And how do you
overcome that? Well, I will not hide my true feelings about that.
Every day, I thought it was hard, and every day I thought I
was near my limits. They ask a lot of us, of course, and they rightfully
expect a lot of astronauts. But the trick is that we are not alone. We have
friends. We have colleagues. It is huge teamwork. Collectively, the astronauts
together, we want everybody to succeed, so we constantly help each other, and by
working together, with our instructors and our colleagues, we
manage to reach these levels of skills that maybe individually you cannot reach,
and that is, I think, a good lesson for everybody. You can go — I want
to quote Madame Payette, here — a nice quote I heard from her, you know? If you
go alone, maybe you can go fast, but if you go as a group you can go further. Hi. I’m Jonah, and my question is: If I want to work
in the Space field but I don’t want to go to Space, what else can I do? Ah, ha; excellent! Wow! Well, you know, the world is your oyster.
The Space sector is a hugely interesting field. I — you know, astronauts, we — you see me in
Space, but that is a tiny part of my career. I have spent 10 years working in the Mission
Control Centre and in training, before that, as a support for other crew members. And it is
amazing, the enthusiasm and intelligence that is buzzing around the Space sector. It is an
incredible field to work in, as an engineer, as a scientist, as a
mathematician, as a planner, as a manager. There are so many ways to work in the Space
sector, and it is a booming sector of our economy, with huge promises. So, I think
it’s a good choice. Hi. My name is Michel and my question is: What is
the funniest thing you have done in space? Oh, well — so, it was pretty funny, in the
beginning of — during the beginning of the holiday season. My colleague, here, Anne McClain, she brought
an elf on the shelf on board, who joined us. And so we had fun putting it in
different places and sharing that with the world. So, we can do little pranks like this to each other.
Not trying to — trying to be — not to be too aggressive with your pranks,
because you don’t want to put anybody in trouble. You can make surprise phone calls –
that is something I love to do – and it is always well received. Hello. My name is Maria, and my question is: Why
is the Canadian Space program so important and what are the benefits? I’m glad you asked this. So, there are many, many
aspects. First, I talked a lot about all the health research
that we do — all the research we do in space, on health, has
benefits for everybody in Canada, and that’s because basically, being in Space,
it’s kind of bad for your body and the way in which it is bad for your body
resembles real disease on Earth. So, whenever we fix a problem for astronauts
we fix a problem what is a real disease on Earth. Then, there is Earth observation. We have an
amazing vantage point on the planet. It is important for a big country like Canada. We
control our navigation. We control our agriculture, our National Defence;
all of that is controlled from Space. And our environment, the way we’re going to
monitor our planet, if we want to save it from our bad actions. So,
Earth observation is huge. And then, it is — just from an economic point of
view, it’s a huge booming sector, and the — we call it the new space economy, is really
something that a forward-looking innovative country like Canada really wants to be
involved in. That’s the kind of Canada that I want my children
to grow up in, a Canada that is space-faring nation, at the front edge of research and technology. Then, of course, there is all the inspiration. I, myself, as a child, I was really inspired by
Space and astronauts, and even though I thought I didn’t think it was
possible to become an astronaut, it was really great source of motivation for me, a
dream. And we know in Canada, our research is
important, but what is our biggest resource, it’s — our biggest resource, of course, is the
minds of our children. So, if we can boost their motivation with Space
exploration then we are all winning. Hello. My name is Alex, and can you tell me how
oxygen is delivered to the International Space Station? Well oxygen, in fact, we produce it on board,
from water. We take water and we separate it into hydrogen
and oxygen. And after that, we breathe it of course, we
breathe in, and what comes out of our lungs is carbon
dioxide, and then we have another machine that takes the carbon dioxide and breaks it down
again into pieces, actually methane and oxygen, and returns it to us. So, that’s how we try to
make a closed loop. We don’t succeed in recycling everything,
everything, but it’s quite effective. Obviously, it’s not like that on Earth. As you know,
the Earth is the perfect recycling circuit. All that animals, human beings produce as carbon
dioxide by consuming oxygen, is absorbed by plants and plankton and they give
us back oxygen, and in this way, we are in a closed loop. On Earth, there is never
any new air coming in. There are no bottles of air that are sent to us, all
air is recycled. We try to do the same thing on board, and one
day, if we want to get to Mars, or live there, we’ll need to master this technology
and succeed in doing what the Earth does for us. Hi. My name is Hannah. What is something you have never been asked
about Space before that you wish you had? — Something I asked myself, actually, before going,
was: Wow! I hope it is worth all this trouble, because it is a lot
of trouble, you know? So, the question maybe would be: Is it really
worth it? And the answer is: Yes. Because it’s fun to be
here. It is gratifying, because you know you’re doing
something really worthwhile. The view is unbelievable and really, really
touching. It really changes my perspective on our planet
and our species, and our reason for living, really, at a pretty deep level. So, I guess that’s the
question that we should ask: Is it worth it? And the answer is definitely yes, and it is
definitely something worth it for Canada to pursue. Thank you David. I cannot tell you how much I concur to that last. We have a few more students here who had
questions but we are running out of time, so maybe they can send it to you in writing, so
that they can get answers. I would like to commend one of the comments you
made about team work. We can’t do anything alone, and I know that there
is an enormous support structure out there for you. I would like to say hello to
Mission Control, Rick Enfling, Flight Director, and everybody out
there that are supporting in all the mission controls for the International
Space Station. We are very impressed with you and very proud
of you, and we will continue to follow you in your steps in weightlessness. — Bravo David! Thank you very much. Go ahead. Show us some of your prowess.
Thank you Julie. Thank you Mr. Prime Minister. Thank you everyone. He doesn’t hear — All right Bravo! This, this is for
you Véronique. Thank you, Canadian Space Agency and
participants. Station, we are now resuming operational audio
communications. Bravo. Well, thank you very much, young people.
Bravo, students. So, those — Great questions. Great questions.
But send in — we will send it to him and you will get a special
reply to all of you that couldn’t ask a question; okay? Well

15 Replies to “LIVE – David Saint-Jacques speaks with the Governor General and the Prime Minister.”

  1. I love Canada, and it's not blind patriarchy, its the only country that has not done me wrong. its given me so much, and I hope to give back when I finally graduate.

  2. This was an excellent video. Thank you so much for organizing this today & posting online. Also how lucky are we as Canadians to have the opportunity to share, educate & experience something like this in two languages seamlessly & respectfully! Makes me so proud! Also Dr. David Saint-Jacques’ answers for all the questions posed today were so well rounded & wonderfully acknowledged! We are lucky to have him above us 😉!! Keep up the awesome CSA & Thank You 🙏🏽!

  3. As an applied linguist from Turkey who studied code-switching, this was a very pleasant thing to watch. I wish I could understand everything they said in French 🙁 .

  4. I have questions about the theory of woven universes
    The woven universes are connected together in the cosmic carpet
    But these woven universes are separate in time
    Because there are new universes because of spatial expansion
    1-The first question is about the density of matter and energy in the universe
    How much energy and matter is there in the universe?
    2-The second question is about the curvature of the universe
    Is it a zero curvature or positive curvature or negative curvature ???
    3-The third question about the extension of the place of the universe
    Is the extension of the universe final or has an infinite stretch?
    If we live in the Infinite Universe, this is evidence of the existence of the woven universes
    Please send my three questions to cosmologists

  5. I wonder how the ISS can withstand thousands of degrees of temperature difference, multiple times per day, blasting through the unprotected thermosphere? Actually, I don't because the ISS is big bologna BS and so is Justin Trudeau.

  6. Does anyone worry that someone may get caught on one of those thousands of wires just hanging everywhere inside the International Fake Station? Who comes up with this garbage?

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