LIVE – David Saint-Jacques participates in the unveiling of a new exhibition

LIVE – David Saint-Jacques participates in the unveiling of a new exhibition


Good morning. I would like to begin by pointing out that we are
here on the ancestral territory of the Algonquin
Anishinabeg Nation. It gives me great pleasure to welcome to the
Canada Aviation and Space Museum Peter
Schiefke, Parliamentary Secretary to the Prime Minister
for Youth and Member of Parliament for
Vaudreuil-Soulanges, to Dr. Robert Thirsk, a former Canadian
astronaut, and to Mr. Sylvain Laporte, President of the
Canadian Space Agency. Welcome to Saint-Rémi School. And good morning to the people who join us
online. My name is Christina Tessier. I am the President and CEO of Ingenium,
Canada’s Museums of Science and Innovation. Ingenium administers this museum as well as
the Canada Agriculture and Food Museum and the Canada Science and Technology
Museum. Our three museums tell the many tales of
innovative people who dared to think differently. This museum relates the story of the brave
Canadians who made our country shine in the fields of
aviation and space exploration. As you can imagine, we are very pleased to
have a Canadian in space, David Saint-Jacques, who will join us in a few minutes. We have a proud history of working in
partnership with the Canadian Space Agency, to engage Canadians in our stories of space
exploration, science and technology. Here, at the museum, you can visit exhibitions
that highlight what it is like to live on the
International Space Station, like David Saint-Jacques is right now, as well as
explore our country’s most notable space
achievements, including the Canadarm, Canada’s most famous
robotic and technological achievement. We are together today to unveil an exhibition
that highlights a lesser-known aspect of space
exploration. This new exhibition focuses on some of the
health hazards for astronauts staying in space. It also explains how science on the International
Space Station allows us to better understand the human body
and to find solutions to disorders that affect, among other things, the heart, the blood vessels
or the bone density. The exhibition also includes some artifacts and
a collection that are really interesting and illustrate how Canada is helping astronauts stay
healthy in space. For example, you will see the sled for the space
physiology experiment that accompanied Canadian astronaut Roberta
Bondar aboard Space Shuttle Discovery. I also want to take a moment to thank the
amazing teams at the Canadian Space Agency
and here, from this museum, who worked on this new exhibition. Like the four small stars in David Saint-Jacques’
mission patch they are the people behind the scenes that
make things happen. So, without further ado, please welcome Mr.
Peter Schiefke, to officially launch this new
exhibition. (general applause) So, good morning everyone. It is a pleasure and
an honor for me to be here as Member of Parliament for Vaudreuil-
Soulanges, but also on behalf of the Prime
Minister. I spoke with the Prime Minister and then
explained to him what was happening this
morning. Then he said: look; you must ask this question
to the young people of Saint-Rémi Catholic
School. So, the question is: who among you wants to
become an astronaut? Raise your hand. Put your hands up if you want to be an
astronaut when you’re older. Okay. So, that’s an important question. It is an important question because — how many
of you want to go to Mars or the Moon? Put your hands up? Okay, well — what is interesting is that there
were less hands that went up for becoming
astronauts but every one of you wants to go to the Moon or
to go to Mars. Now, that’s a really important question. Why? Because the Prime Minister wants to challenge
every one of you to be that next astronaut that is
going to go to Mars and go to the Moon. The stats show that we are probably going to go
to Mars or back to the Moon within 20 or 30 years, and the people who are going to be those
astronauts are sitting in this room right now. They are your age. Which is really exciting. So, what have you got to do to become an
astronaut? Well, there are two things, one of which I will
talk about and one of which I’m going to leave to
my esteemed colleague, somebody who I admire greatly, Dr. Robert
Thirsk, who is an astronaut, who is going to talk to you
a little bit about it. First is you’ve got to get your education. How many of you are getting good grades in
school? Put your hands up? Okay. Well, if you want to be an astronaut you
have to go to school after high school, for about 10 to 15 years. How many of you think that’s fun? (general laughter) All right. Well, you’ve got to do that, and I
encourage you all to stay in school, to get that
education. That is what is going to help you become an
astronaut. The second thing is you need to become
healthy. You need to make sure that you are in tip-top
shape, because astronauts are in tip-top shape, which is why it is really exciting to be here, to launch this new exhibition on health in space,
and what the astronauts, like David Saint-Jacques – that you are going to
talk to, which is the coolest thing ever – are going to talk to you about. And to do that, to explain it all to you and to
lead us through all of this today, it is an honour and a privilege for me to introduce
to you somebody who I admire – I’m not going to
lie – an astronaut who holds the record for spending
the most amount of time in space as a
Canadian astronaut, who flew both with a Soyuz Russian spacecraft
as well as the Space Shuttle on the space
mission STS-78. I think I got that right. Please give a huge round of applause for Dr.
Robert Thirsk. (general applause) Wow. Thank you, Mister Schiefke. I am very happy to be with you all today. We are here to talk about two topics, two topics
that are very important to me. First, space – as you already know, I am an
astronaut. And second, health – and I am also a doctor. I am looking forward, like all of you, in a few
minutes to speak with our friend David Saint-
Jacques. David launched to space on December the 3rd and he has now spent two months in space, experiencing the wonder of living and working
aboard the International Space Station. What a privilege, what an experience, and it is
definitely the highlight of his career. Living in space is incredible, but it’s not always like a walk in the park for our
body. It is even dangerous, because of the
weightlessness, the environment and the
isolation. The nature of weightlessness – ionizing radiation
– and psychological isolation need to be better understood, in order to make
space flight safer for astronauts of the future, when we venture off to the Moon, to Mars and
beyond. So, I had the opportunity, as Peter mentioned,
to flight twice in space, once aboard the Space Shuttle and then
secondly aboard the International Space
Station. The first mission lasted 17 days, and the second flight lasted six months. But you know what? It wasn’t long enough. I miss the work that I did. I miss viewing our beautiful planet from the
vantage point of orbital flight, and most of all I miss my crew mates. We were an incredible team and we worked very
well together. But six months of space flight took a toll on my
body. In spite of daily exercise I lost aerobic fitness, I lost muscle strength, and my bones began to
demineralize as well. My eyes and my vision were affected, and then,
after six months, I missed my family, I missed
my friends, and I missed nature. The good news is that the International Space
Station can help us to address some of these
issues that I just mentioned. The Station is an incredible medical laboratory. Scientists from around the world, now, for 20
years have been using this unique laboratory to study
all sorts of phenomena, all sorts of sciences. And I am particularly proud of our Canadian
scientists, who have contributed to health
research in space, and their research is helping us to better
understand the risks to astronauts of space
flight and also to help reduce the impact that the
space environment has on the human body. And as a bonus, a lot of the research, so a lot of
the findings from the research of our Canadian
scientists can actually help to address some of the
healthcare issues here, with patients on Earth
as well. So, David, who will join us very soon, participates in a large number of experiments
aboard the Station. Astronauts are perfect guinea pigs for scientists
studying the effects of space on human health. David has also followed a strict routine over the
last two months, to make sure he can stay healthy while he is in
space. He has been following a diet and an exercise
program to help, for instance, this problem of
bone loss and muscle degradation, that we spoke about. To get an idea of what David is doing aboard the
Station, let’s do a little demonstration. I would now like to introduce Natalie Hirsch, a
nutrition and exercise specialist for the
Canadian Space Agency. Natalie was my nutrition and exercise coach
before, during and after my last mission, and now she is playing that same role for David. And she will now lead us into some of the
exercises that David does to stay fit in space. Natalie? Well, thank you very much, Bob. (general applause) I am very happy to be here too, today. I would like to ask all of you to stand up and we
can all do an exercise demonstration together. And even those that are joining us through
Facebook can — do this as well. We’re going to be standing in place. Just make
sure you’ve got enough room around you, so that you don’t hit yourself or your colleagues. That would be bad. So, we’re going to start from the top. This is going to be a warmup that you can do on
the ground or in space. And David will join us a little bit later and give us
a little demonstration on some of the
uniqueness of space. So, first of all, stand up straight and imagine
that somebody is pulling you up to the ceiling,
so, you’ve got a good posture. Then, you’re going to rotate your hands forward,
so that your palms are facing forward, and we will start with some neck stretches. So, just dropping your ear to your shoulder, one side and then the other side. Then, we’re going to rotate one side, and then the other side. Let’s move down to our shoulders, with some
shoulder circles. So, just rolling your shoulders backwards, and then we’re going to do it forward as well. Next, we’re going to make this movement even
bigger and start doing some arm circles. So, let’s go up and around, just watch your
neighbours. (laughter) — I don’t want any black
eyes. And there is Marie-Andrée that is also helping
out, so she will give some
alternative exercises. If there is not enough room around you, you can
watch her. So, we have been warming up our shoulders, now we’re going to warm up our shoulders a bit
more, and our brains, by doing arm circles going in opposite
directions. So, start with your arms up and then you’re
going to bring one arm forward and the other arm
back, so opposite directions, and up — great! Wow! You guys are good! Let’s do it one more time. And then we’re going to try the other way. So, start with the other hand in front, one arm
forward, the other arm back, making a big circle. Can you feel your brains working, as well as
your shoulders? All right. Okay. very good. Next, we’re going to do some hip exercises. So, this is just like doing a hula hoop. We will do some hip circles, so just go round,
circling your hips three times, and other
direction — very good. Now, we’re going to do some squats. So a squat is just like sitting on a chair. So, just pretend you’re going to sit backwards
on your chair — very good. We will do this a few more times, each time go
a little bit lower. Bob is an expert in squats. He did squats every day for six months, when
he was on the Space Station, to keep his
muscles strong. I will do one more. Next, we’re going to do some balance. So balance is not a problem in microgravity but
it is a problem when you get back to Earth. So, we’re going to stand on one leg. Once you’ve got your balance and you can
pretend that somebody is pulling you up again, then start swinging your legs back and forth — and this makes it even harder to keep your
balance. And then, at the end, go into a superman pose. So, this is really easy do to in space. Let’s do the other leg, standing on one leg,
getting your balance. Once you have that you can — woo! You can
start swinging your leg. And then you’re going to go into superman —
into superman. Very good! All right. We have time for just one more exercise, as
Bob starts getting ready to join David. So, what we’re going to do is a full body
exercise. Start with your arms up. Now, we’re going to bend down, touch our toes,
and then drop your hips down. So, now you’re back to that squatting position
again. Your hands are going to be together, like this,
arms up and stand up. We will do that one more time and then we will
take a break. So, touching your toes, hips down, hands
together, arms up and stand up. Wow! You guys are amazing! Very good. (applause) (general applause) You can have a seat now. So, the live connection with David and the
Space Station is going to begin in the next
couple of minutes. We are looking at, right now, Mission Control, in
Houston, and we are looking at the flight director and the
CAPCOM, who speak directly with the crew, guide them
through their plan, their work plan every day. Station, this is Houston. Are you ready for the
event? Houston, this is Station. I am ready. Canadian Space Agency, this is Mission
Control, Houston. Please call Station for a voice
check. Station, this is Ottawa, in the Canada Aviation
and Space Museum. How do you hear us? Bob! I have you loud and clear. How do you do,
my friend? Hi, David. It is good to be speaking with you. Several Ottawa students and I were doing an
exercise session with our friend Natalie Hirsch. Natalie? Hi, David. It is really great to see you. We have been doing an exercise session and
we have two more exercises to do and we are
hoping you can join us. Very good, sure. So, you guys have been seeing how strict
Coach Natalie is. She is my coach up here, and she keeps me in
good shape. So, we’re going to do two more exercises. The first one is one where we are going to
stretch the front of our legs. So, you’re going to take one leg — yes,
everybody can stand up and try this. That’s great. So, one foot behind, so that your heel is
touching your butt, and you should feel a good stretch in the front of
your leg, and we’re going to wait for David to give us a
demo as well. Good job, David! (laughter) (general laughter) Okay. And we can switch legs and – laughter) (general laughter) As you can see, it is much easier in space. (laughter) Okay. We will do one more exercise, and this
one is a figure 4. So, for all of us on the ground, we’re going to
cross one ankle over our other knee, to make a figure 4 with our legs, and then we’re
going to sit backwards, like we’re sitting in a
chair again. This is another good balance exercise. All right. It looks so much easier in space,
doesn’t it? (laughter) Wow! Okay, and let’s do it with the other leg.
(laughter) (general laughter) All right. Great job, everyone! Thanks, David, for
the demo. Thanks, Natalie. Thanks, David, for the out of this world exercise
demo. (laughter) (general laughter) David, I don’t want to interrupt your Zen moment
but we have a couple of questions for you. What are some of the exercises that you have
been doing in space, to counter the effects of
weightlessness? So, basically, our exercise regime here is
comprised of four things, I guess. Stretching, of course, which is very important –
you got a good demonstration of this today. It is a bit different than on Earth but we do it. It
is very important. And then we want to keep our cardiovascular
system strong. We have a stationary bicycle that is very similar
to being on Earth, except you don’t have a seat. You don’t need to sit down, of course. And another one is a treadmill, so you can
practice running. That is important for two things; first, because
we wear a harness with strong springs, to kind
of bring us down, it adds weight to our spine, our skeletal system,
our bones, and keeps them strong. And also, it keeps you practicing the movement
you need to be walking and running, so that when you come back to Earth you
remember how to walk. And third, we have a general purpose kind of
weight-lifting machine. Of course, it is not weights, because that would
be very easy, right? With dumbbells, in space. Instead we are fighting against the pressure in a
piston, and that is what we use to keep training our
upper body, shoulders, arms, the legs, the calves, every muscle in our body we can
work out with this amazing machine called an
ARED. And thanks to that we come back to Earth… I
don’t know what your experience was, Bob, but I am hoping to come back to Earth
feeling that I’m not weakened by this stay in
space. Good question. Do you find that your body, after two months in
space now, has adapted? Has your mind, your muscles, your heart, has it
adapted to life in zero G? Completely, quite a change. When I got here it was actually very funny, because as soon as I was upside down I was
lost. I didn’t know where to go. And I was a very bad flyer initially, like most
astronauts for the first time, crashing into the walls everywhere, as I moved
around. Now, I can navigate very quickly. I know where I
am. I never break anything. And also, I find that — I started out very
congested. You know, when you’re standing on the Earth,
the pull of gravity brings your — most of your
blood down and your body is trained to push harder, to bring
blood to your head. When you reach space you don’t have that bias
anymore, if you want, the effect of gravity. And so — but the body keeps pushing harder
towards the head, so you get a big, red puffy
head and tiny white kind of skinny legs. And — but after a while that fades away and you
become normal again. So, even the congestion is gone. So, yes, after two months I feel like this is
normal, now, like there’s nothing to it. You know, we’ve talked about weightlessness,
the effect of weightlessness on the muscles, on
the bones, but it is not the only factor that affects your
health in orbit. Ionizing radiation is another
concern. I know that on Earth the atmosphere protects us
against radiation, but have you experienced radiation in space? Have you done any monitoring of radiation
levels? So, yes, we are not protected here, by the — by
our atmosphere, as you said. We are a little bit protected by the magnetic
field of the Earth still but it is quite a bit less. Every astronaut — we wear a little radiation
monitor on us the whole time. It just looks like — I don’t know. It looks like a
little square plastic, like this, that we wear on us, that measures
radiation. But the effect of radiation, it is very interesting. I wish you had seen that too. At night, when your eyes are closed, sometimes
you can see cosmic radiation hitting the back of
your eye, the retina, and it makes a flash, and in the middle of the
night you see flashes. Maybe every couple of minutes you will see a
flash like that. That is radiation hitting your eyes. Another thing that we think of is when there’s —
sometimes radiation goes up and down with the
— depending on the activity of the Sun. And so that may be a reason to be more careful
and maybe spend more time in areas of the
Station that are better protected. These are our little bedrooms, that have slightly
thicker walls, to protect us from radiation. I understand that Canadian scientists are
interested in radiation dissymmetry, radiation
monitoring, and that a couple of weeks ago you deployed
some Canadian monitors throughout the Station. Could you tell us a little bit about that
experiment? Yes. It is a very neat experiment using an old-
fashioned technology that is very, very reliable,
and they modernized it. It is called a bubble detector. So, the little ampullas of a substance that when
it gets hit by radiation it creates a little gas
bubble and it stays trapped into that jelly-like
substance. And then, with a microscope you can count the
bubbles and that tells you how many radiation
hits there were. So, these so-called bubble dissymetres, we
spread them around the Station and recently, my Russian colleague, Oleg, used
the special equipment to count all of these
bubbles, and we’re looking forward to hearing the results. Here, at the Canada Aviation and Space
Museum we are looking at the impact of
weightlessness and radiation on human health in space, but we
are also looking at psychological isolation as
well. Are there any health concerns of living in space
in such a remote location, on your mind, on your
well-being? Yes, you’re right. You should never forget about
that, and maybe at the end of the day the most
important aspect of maintaining humans in exploration
environment, not just through here but also
people who are on submarines or long-distance — you know, deployments. So, the problem you develop here is that
everything is a little bit the same every day. It can be depressing sometimes, if you are not
careful. You are very, very far away from the people you
love on Earth and that can make you sad,
perhaps. You are always with the same people on board,
so if conflict arises it can be — you have
nowhere to go. You have to face it. So, it is a challenge. We prepare a lot for this,
as astronauts, and I’m sure Bob, you have stories to tell about that as well, but
we go on expeditions on Earth with fellow
astronauts, for long durations, before, to get used to this notion that — you
know, the most important people right now are
the few people who are here with me, and I must get along with them, and that is the
key to our success, because we can’t function well, of course, if we
are not happy, and you cannot be happy if you
are not getting along with people around you. Thank you, David, for this great discussion. Thanks for sharing your experience with us. David, there’s a room full of curious students and
also media, here, at the Museum. Would you like to hear from them? We have many questions for you. Go ahead. I always like to answer questions. Hello, David, what is the possible application of
the results obtained by your research on the
aging of the population, the related issues, such as bone density,
hardening of the arteries? Yes, so the reason why it is so interesting to do
medical research in orbit is because being in space, basically, is not
good for your health. It’s full of — we’ve been on Earth for millions of
years, with the effect of gravity. When you take that away, almost every system
in the human body is unbalanced. Bones weaken. Muscles weaken. We lose our
sense of direction. Memory is affected too. There is the immune
system — effects on the immune system. And overall, it looks like some sort of
accelerated aging, which we undergo, partly reversible when we come back. But what is interesting is that all the effects we
feel, the astronauts on board, all the health
problems we develop, it is almost equivalent to the diseases we have
on Earth – very, very similar. So, by studying the problems that astronauts
develop, which develop very quickly in younger and healthier people, we can, in a very isolated,
very specific manner, study the similar disease, and it somewhat makes us ideal guinea pigs for
medical research. Thank you very much. Hi, David. My name is Gavin and I would like to
ask you a question. When you’re sick in space, how does your body
react? Yes, Gavin. So, there are differences in space,
when you are sick. For example, of course, if you hit yourself, if you
bleed, the blood will not want to fall. It will stay
there. So, it’s more — So, how do we treat diseases here? We have a
small medicine cabinet. Everyone is trained on board. I am a doctor, but
not all astronauts are doctors. But those who are not are all trained to be able
to respond to medical emergencies. So, we are all in good hands. We have what it takes to respond to major heart
problems, fractures, to make — antibiotics. So, we are pretty well equipped. But the most important thing, of course, is to be
careful. Be careful not to get sick. We are cautious not to get infections. We are in quarantine before coming into orbit. We are very careful here on board, not to hurt
ourselves. That’s it, if we want — Of course, the most important thing to stay
healthy is to be careful and respect your body,
respect your limits. Hi, David. My name is Audrey and I too would
like to ask you a question. Do you sometimes have conflicts between
astronauts in space? Very good question, Audrey, very important. Yes, of course, as soon as human beings — and
there are relationships, there are conflicts, that’s
for sure. We are a little bit, we astronauts, on mission
like this, we are a little like brothers and sisters who live
together. So, even if we love each other a lot and we
respect each other a lot, and we like to be
together and work together, sometimes there are conflicts. Sometimes there are quarrels. So, we talk about it. The important thing is to
talk about it, find common ground and settle it,
and get back on track. So, conflicts are part of life. It’s normal. They must not be avoided. We must accept
them, face them, find a solution. So, it’s a very important part of our life on board,
always making sure there are no hidden or
secret conflicts, and talking about everything very clearly. Hi, David. My name is Chloe and here is the
question I’m going to ask you: What is most demanding or difficult for you in
space? And do you feel lonely? Yes, Chloé. So, you know, for me, the most
difficult thing is that I have a family. I’m a dad. I have three kids, and I miss them a lot. So, that’s the hardest thing. I wish I could invite
the people I love to come and see me. I wish my family could come here, that my
friends could come here. Here we can not. So that’s the hardest part of it, feeling very, very
far from the people we love, very far from our life
on Earth. But we can talk to them, so I talk to them a lot. We make videos a lot, and then we can — I can
— so we keep contact — even if we are not in
direct contact we can keep an emotional contact anyway, and
that’s what is the most important. Hi, David. My name is Lauren and what is
cosmic radiation and what does it do to your
body? So, cosmic radiation is small elementary
particles, like electrons or protons, that come from very, very far, that come from the
very bottom of the universe. Others come directly from the Sun, and which
normally are — we are protected on Earth, the atmosphere, the magnetic field belt and then
the atmosphere stop most of these radiations,
and we are protected. Here, in space, we are less protected. We just have the walls of our Space Station to
protect us. They are not very thick. And when these radiations hit our bodies they
can make changes to our DNA, to our genetic code, and often, changes to the
genetic code do not matter, the body can fix it, or if it’s a part of our genetic code that is not
very important, it does not change anything. But sometimes, if you’re not lucky, that’s how a
cancer can start. So that’s the biggest risk, perhaps, related to
radiation. It can make genetic changes that can
one day lead to cancer. So that’s why we’re very careful about radiation
here. Hi, David. My name is Samuel, and my question
is: How do you move or orient yourself aboard the
Space Station? So, moving around is very different from on
Earth. We are a bit like monkeys in the trees. We only move around using our hands, like that, by
grabbing the handles, and with our feet, sometimes, we carry objects. So if I have something to bring I’ll take it with my
feet, then I move like that, with my hands. And to orient myself, well, it’s not very big, the
Station, so now I know it by heart. So, I’m moving around like this. The important thing is to be able to recognize
where you are, even if you are on the side, even
if you are upside down. That’s the hardest thing at the beginning, you
get very disoriented when you change direction. But after a few months it’s easy for me. Hi, David. My name is Alissa and here is my
question: When back on Earth what will be the most
difficult for you? For example, will you have difficulty walking or
running? Will it be harder to eat or digest? So when we come back to Earth, yes, there are
physical effects that are quite difficult. I have
been warned. First, gravity means that our blood tends to fall
in our legs when we return to Earth. That means we can faint very easily, because
we don’t have enough blood in the head — ou!!! It’s like when you get up too fast. So, at first it can take about a few days, a few
weeks before you always have enough pressure
in your head to avoid fainting. After that, well, there is balance. Here, in space, I lost my sense of balance,
because it is useless, so my body has forgotten — my brain has
forgotten how balance works, and when I go back to Earth, I’ll have to hold the
hand of a friend to walk for a few days, because I will fall easily or maybe even feel sick
if I move my head too fast. That’s two big differences, balance and pressure
problems in the head. Then, well, if — now I do a lot of exercises,
thanks to my coach, Natalie, so I still manage to stay strong, but it’s very
important because if we do nothing in space, if
we do not do any sport, we will become very weak, because here,
everything is very light and even a very heavy
object weighs nothing, here, so our body, our muscles and our bones will
weaken if we do nothing. So that’s important if you want to stay strong, to
exercise. Hi, David, Elizabeth Howell from Space.com,
probably just like me you grew up watching Star
Trek. What medical technology on the Space Station
is even cooler than what was portrayed in the
future, on Star Trek? Thanks. Hey, Elizabeth. Nice speaking to you. Well, actually, as far as medical equipment
goes, the Station, we are pretty conservative, I would
say. We — you know, there is very high-tech medical technology on
the ground and that is what we use here. There’s a — sometimes, because we don’t have
all the equipment we need we scratch our heads
and we invent new methods on Station that then are used on the ground. For example, a couple of years ago people
started to think: Hm; we don’t have an x-ray machine, here, in
space. How could we figure out if someone has a hole
in their lungs if they have a big blow to the chest, without an
x-ray machine? And so, we figured out a way in space, using an
ultrasound machine – because that’s all we had. But now, that’s what
we do on Earth, to look for punctured lungs, we use an ultrasound machine. So, that’s one example of an idea developed in
space that we can use on the ground. Another cool technology is a shirt that we wear,
that measures our heartbeat, our body
temperature, our blood pressure, and that shirt is a prototype
that I have, made by a Canadian company, that I have tried recently, and so we hope that
will become a very common product. It would be very useful for people who are
deployed, in the military, for example, or people
who are — elderly people who are stuck at home and have difficulty going
to the hospital. They could have their health checked remotely,
things like that. Hi, David. I am Anena Vagela from the Ottawa
Citizen. I was just wondering: What is the hardest thing
to describe about being in space? Ah; good question. You know, I think it is that view out of the
window. The unbelievable beauty of planet Earth, it is so
touching. Every time I open those shutters on the cupola,
our viewing — our observation platform, and I see this beautiful planet, it is just quietly
spinning in the black velvet of space, with this kind of bright blue halo surrounding it. That’s the air that protects us from space and
that harbours all the life. And the pattern of clouds and thunder, it’s just
alive. You can see that it’s almost breathing. It’s so beautiful. It’s — it has changed my
perspective on life, to have seen that. Thank you, David. That’s all the time,
unfortunately, that we have with you today. Thank you everyone for your very thoughtful
questions for David. David, thank you for connecting with us. You are a great ambassador for Canada. Stay safe and stay healthy. Good bye. (general applause) Thank you.

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