Hinduismus erklärt | Eine Religion in (fast) fünf Minuten


Hello! For those of you who have
not seen me on Mirko’s channel yet, my name is Lars, I have an own
YouTube-channel named “SRSLY”, where you can find comedy and news.
Also I have the honour of presenting you the five world
religions together with Mirko. This video is about Hinduism, so relax,
open the first button of your trousers and lean back! First of all, Hinduism is
not really an institutional religion. There is not a particular redeemer,
prophet or god, in contrast as to how you might know that from
Judaism, Christianity or Islam. Hinduism is, so to speak, a collective
term for various religious streams. In Hinduism, there are so many gods
that if I were to talk one minute about each of them, then this video would
not take five minutes, but instead over 200 years and who knows if Mirko
is even still alive after that. Nobody can really state how
many gods there are in Hinduism, but some sources
speak of hundreds of millions. Obviously, Hinduism is not a monotheistic,
but a polytheistic religion. Nonetheless, there are a few “major
gods”, but I will talk about them later. Hinduism is the 3rd largest world religion;
approximately one billion people identify themselves as Hindu. In comparison, there
are roughly 2.2 billion Christians. Most Hindus live in India.
There, more than eighty percent of the population is Hindu.
Furthermore, Hinduism is probably the
oldest of the world religions, since it arose
around 1200 and 2000 B.C.. The Aryans, which have
nothing to do with the Aryans from the National
Socialism, were nomad people from central Asia
and moved around 1750 B.C. in the area of
what is now India and got in contact with the
local people living at the river Indus, traditions
and customs were each the 13th century
by Muslim immigrants, since the Iranian name
for “Indus” is “Hindu”. Hindus believe in rebirth. They
are convinced that there is a live after death and that the
human soul is immortal and continues to live after death in
a new form, forming an eternal cycle: Birth, death, rebirth.
This cycle is called “Samsara”. Still, one cannot just do
whatever one likes and be reborn nonetheless, since if one has been
a “bad” person, then one might be reborn as an animal or even as a
stone and we do not talk of Onix or Geowat, but of a pebble
stone or something even less cool. In Hinduism, the entirety
of good and bad deeds is called “karma”. Consequently,
a Hindu has to obtain as much “good” karma as possible
and if one lives a damn good live, it is possible
to leave the eternal cycle. This process is called
“moksha” or “nirvana”; it promises salvation and is the
final goal of human life. Every Hindu believes in this, no
matter what stream he belongs to, and in Brahman, which is the “all-soul”,
a divine power, but without shape. It is the primordial
substance of life and does not interfere with
human consciousness. As you can see, things get highly
philosophical. Brahman was firstly mentioned in the so-called “Vedas”, which are a
collection of texts, hymns and quotes, something like the “holy literature” of
Hindus, containing various proverbs and lots of advice and all in all being
nearly six times as large as the Bible. Many Hindu rituals have their origin in
these “Vedas”. All of us have seen the characteristic, most frequently red,
dot on the forehead, which is called “Bindi” and placed on the so-called
“ajna”- or third-eye-chakra. It works as a symbol for epiphany and is said to
help concentrating and focus energy. There is another tradition to which every
Hindu should stick to and that is to pilgrimage to the river “Ganges” in order
to clear themselves of their guilt. Furthermore, all Hindus agree
that the cow is a holy animal; it is referred to as “mother”
since it has always been the provider of humanity, for it
provides milk, which can be made into cheese and yoghurt and can
be used as a draught-animal. Moreover, the cow is holy because the god
“Krishna” grew up among cows and was fed and protected by them. So if you feed a cow it
still counts as a tribute to Krishna today. Speaking of Krishna, it is the
god most frequently shown with a flute and is said to
have lived among shepherds. He is one of the most popular gods
in India. Maybe someone has already approached you in order to inform
you about Krishna in Europe or New Zealand, for the so-called “Hare
Krishna movement” has been trying to raise awareness of Krishna in
the Western world for decades. On the “Krishna-Janmashtami”-holiday,
mostly in August, Hindus celebrate the birth of Krishna.
Another very important god is “Shiva”,
who stands for creation and renewal as well as for
conservation and destruction. He is most frequently depicted
meditating and with a crescent on his head, while two of his arms
are in a meditative position and the other two carry a trident and
an hourglass, which count as symbols of life and death and are
carried by several Hindu gods. Then there is “Vishnu”, god of goodness, who
averts harm and appears in human or animal form. But there is no such thing as an easy
distinction between the different gods: In many cases, one god is an
avatar of another: Krishna, for example, is the eight avatar
of Shiva, whereas 3 gods, Brahman, Vishnu and Shiva
together form the concept of creation-conservation-destruction,
called “Trimurti”. Admittedly, this is not easy but still I
hope to have given you a short overview. You may have noticed that Hinduism
bears some similarities to Buddhism, so if you have not seen Mirko’s video
on Buddhism yet make sure to do that as soon as possible and also check out our
videos on the other world religions. Since Hinduism is our
final world religion, this video series ends
here, but I think Mirko will agree that summing
up an entire religion in five minutes was
moderately challenging. Even if five minutes were
not enough, it was a lot of fun and thanks to Mirko for
inviting me to his channel. Furthermore, I would appreciate if
you paid a visit to my channel as well, since with each subscriber I
get closer to epiphany, you know. Please let me know in the comment
section what religion you liked the most or are you asking yourself why
people are still religious at all? If so, I recommend this video
of the “Klugscheisserin”, who has spoken with
a religious scholar about that topic. Ok,
that’s it for now; you can close your trouser
button again, bye!

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