David Saint-Jacques Discusses Life in Space with Canadian Media

David Saint-Jacques Discusses Life in Space with Canadian Media


>>STATION THIS IS HOUSTON, ARE YOU READY FOR THE EVENT?>>HOUSTON, THIS IS STATION. I’M READY.>>CANADIAN SPACE AGENCY THIS IS MISSION CONTROL HOUSTON. PLEASE CALL STATION FOR A VOICE CHECK. CHECK.>>THIS IS THE CANADIAN SPACE AGENCY, HOW DO YOU HEAR ME?>>BON JOUR, I HAVE YOU LOUD AND CLEAR. WELCOME ABOARD SPACE STATION. DAVID. DAVID.>>HELLO. WE HAVE WITH US THE PRESS. CAN YOU TELL US HOW DO YOU FEEL? DO YOU FEEL WARM, DO YOU FEEL COLD, DO YOU FEEL COMFORTABLE?>>WELL, YES, THE SPACE CENTER IS — COULD BE COMPARED TO A MARATHON. WHAT’S MOST REMARKABLE IS THE FACT THAT IT’S EASIER TO BE UP HERE THAN DURING TRAINING. WE TRAINING ON EARTH IN AN ENORMOUS SWIMMING POOL WITH DIVING EQUIPMENT, BUT HERE WE DO EVERYTHING VERY LIBERALLY — THEY SLOW AND DELIBERATELY, THAT’S WHY WE TAKE OUR TIME AND EVERYTHING IS CONTROLLED IN TERMS OF OUR MOVEMENTS AND PSYCHOLOGICALLY, ALSO TENDS TO SETTLE US DOWN. IT’S A TREMENDOUS EXPERIENCE. YOU FEEL VERY AWARE OF THE FACT THAT IT IS VERY DANGEROUS IF NOT DONE CORRECTLY. WE ARE HERE IN EXTREME ENVIRONMENT. IT’S SOMETHING OF A MIRACLE THAT WE’RE ABLE TO OPERATE UP HERE. IT’S A VERY STRANGE SENSE THAT YOU HAVE. I’M VERY HAPPY TO BE PART OF THE EXPERIENCE, BUT AT THE SAME TIME THE ADRENALIN IS FLOWING. TRIED TO SLEEP AT FIRST AND TOOK A WHILE TO GET USED TO IT.>>MR. SAINT-JACQUES, HELLO FROM MEDIA CANADA. HAVE YOU, AT A CERTAIN MOMENT COME TO THE REALIZATION OF WHERE YOU ARE AND HOW HAS THIS AFFECTED YOUR ABILITY, YOUR WORK.>>WE’RE VERY BUSY EVERY SINGLE MOMENT. THERE’S A LOT OF WORK TO DO AND NEVER DURING THE SEQUENCE OF EVENTS AND TIME IS THERE TIME TO BE PHILOSOPHICAL. WE DO — WE’RE FULLY ENGAGED IN OBSERVING EVERYTHING, INCLUDING THE EXPERIENCE UP HERE, BUT I KNOW THAT ONCE IN A WHILE IT DOES COME TO MIND THAT AFTER TWO TRIPS, THERE’S A SENSE OF HAVING BEEN — OF BEING UP HERE ALMOST LIKE IN A MIRACLE, TO BE UP HERE IN THIS CAPSULE AND WE, OF COURSE, ARE STRUCK BY SENTIMENTS OF CREATIVITY IN THE MIDST OF VULNERABILITY, BEING UP HERE IN SPACE. NOW, WE ARE ABLE TO LIVE UP HERE THANKS TO HUMAN INGENUITY AND ENGINEERING AND THE ENORMOUS AMOUNT OF COOPERATION WHICH ENABLES US TO GET TO WORK AND DO OUR JOBS. .>>MR. SAINT-JACQUES FROM TVA. MY QUESTION HAS TO DO WITH THE EFFECT THAT WE CAN IMAGINE, IT’S BEEN YOUR DREAM SINCE YOU WERE A SMALL BOY. YOU’VE REALIZED IT NOW. I BELIEVE IT’S THE CULMINATING PART OF YOUR MISSION. EVERY 45 MINUTES DURING THE DAY, AT NIGHT, HOW DO YOU FEEL? THE TEMPERATURE’S CONSTANT?>>YES, WE DO FEEL CHANGES. THIS TECHNOLOGICAL MARVEL WHICH HAS RESULTED IN AN ENVIRONMENT THAT IS COMFORTABLE, EVEN VERY COMFORTABLE, BUT WHEN THE SUNRISES, YOU FEEL THE SUN THAT FLOODS THROUGH THIS AIRCRAFT OR SPACECRAFT, AND WE HAVE THE FEELING ALSO OF — I BROUGHT WITH ME A SPACESUIT. [LAUGHTER] [LAUGHTER]>>HERE IS THE SPACESUIT. AS YOU CAN SEE IT’S VERY– RATHER MASSIVE BECAUSE THERE ARE MANY LAYERS TO PROTECT US AGAINST THE TEMPERATURE VARIATION. WITHIN IT. THE MOST IMPORTANT PART, EVIDENTLY WHAT KEEPS US ALIVE IS THIS PART THAT CONTAINS OUR OXYGEN AND SYSTEM FOR REMOVING CARBON DIOXIDE AND COMMUNITY CONTROL AND RADIO EQUIPMENT. AND HERE IF WE’RE ABLE TO — IF WE HAVE A CHANCE OR MISFORTUNE TO BANG INTO THE STATION, THIS BRINGS US HOME AGAIN, THERE ARE LIGHTS AND CAMERAS. WHEN THERE’S SUN WE HAVE THE SUN VISOR THAT WE CAN LOWER. CONTROLS HERE FOR TEMPERATURE CONTROL AND THE GLOVES WHICH ARE THE ONLY PART WHICH ARE TO MEASURE. ALL THE OTHER PARTS OF GENERALLYLIZED. AS YOU CAN SEE THE GLOVES ARE MADE TO CUSTOM TO OUR DIMENSIONS. YOU REALLY CANNOT SEE THE CONTROLS AND SO YOU LOOK AT THEM THROUGH A MIRROR. WHAT’S INTERESTING HERE ON THE LEFT ARM, THIS IS OUR SUMMARY OF ALL OF THE OPERATIONS THAT WE DO WHILE WE’RE OUTSIDE OF THE CAPSULE CAPSULE, ALL THE OPERATIONS THAT ARE NECESSARY TO CONTROL THE SPACESUIT AND OF COURSE, PHOTOGRAPHS THAT WE BRING WITH US AS SOUVENIRS FROM EARTH.>>HELLO, MR. SAINT-JACQUES. WE HAVE SPOKEN BACK IN DECEMBER AND YOU TOLD ME THERE ARE A LOT OF CHALLENGES TO OVERCOME FROM SPACE. WHAT HAVE YOU BEEN — YOU HAVE PRACTICED AND PREPARED FOR MANY THINGS, BUT WHAT IS THIS THAT HAS REALLY SURPRISED YOU, ASTONISHED YOU AND MADE THE GREATEST IMPRESSION ON A DAY-TO-DAY BASIS FROM BEING OUT IN SPACE?>>WHAT REALLY SURPRISED ME WAS THE EFFORT, THE CONTINUING EFFORT AND SUSTAINED, CONTINUOUS EFFORT TO MAKE SURE THAT THE SECURITY AND THE LONGEVITY, CONTINUITY OF SPACE OPERATIONS. SPACE HAS THIS CAPACITY TO PULL — TO INSPIRE THE BEST HUMAN BEINGS, TO MAKE US WANT TO COOPERATE TO FIND SOLUTIONS AND EVERY DAY I AM IMPRESSED BY THE QUANTITY AND AMOUNT OF ENERGY SPENT IN THAT DIRECTION AND THIS IS A GOOD EXAMPLE, WHICH GIVES ME CONFIDENCE FOR THE FUTURE OF MY CHILDREN BECAUSE ON A DAILY BASIS I SEE THAT WHEN WE WANT TO WE CAN ACCOMPLISH MIRACLES.>>HELLO, MR. SAINT-JACQUES. THIS IS FROM MARIEL. CONGRATULATIONS FOR BEING UP THERE. YOU ARE THE FIRST PERSON FROM QUEBEC WHO HAS BEEN UP IN SPACE. THAT’S TAKEN SPACEWALKS. HOW DO YOU FEEL ABOUT BEING THE FIRST QUEBECER?>>I’M VERY PROUD TO DO THIS AND PROUD THAT CANADA PARTICIPANTS IN THIS WORLDWIDE EFFORT FOR THE SPACE PROGRAM. I BELIEVE THAT BEYOND THE EXPLORATION, IF YOU WISH, IT HAS TO DO WITH THE ADVANCE OF KNOWLEDGE, FOR EVERYTHING THAT HAS TO DO WITH THE FUTURE OF HUMAN RACE IN THE FACE OF THE CRISIS THAT FACES, AND I’M VERY PROUD TO COME FROM A PLACE WHERE WE PARTICIPATE AND WE BELIEVE AND WE ARE PART OF THE POINT OF THIS, THE VANGUARD OF EXPLORATION, IF YOU WILL. AND THIS IS SORT OF AN INSPIRATION FOR THE GENERATION TO COME BECAUSE THESE ARE OUR CHILDREN, THE DREAMS THAT ARE INSPIRED IN THEM IN THE FUTURE. I THINK THAT SPACE IS FUNDAMENTAL AND THIS IS A PRIVILEGE TO BE ABLE TO REPRESENT CANADA AND QUEBEC AND MONTREAL, AND TO BE ABLE TO ALSO REPRESENT MY FAMILY IN A SENSE. THAT’S A PRIVILEGE. THE REQUIREMENTS ARE VERY HIGH AND STRINGENT. THE CANADIANS HAVE CONTRIBUTED A LOT AND I APPRECIATE VERY MUCH THE PEOPLE WHO WENT BEFORE ME AND I DO THE BEST I CAN TO ALWAYS BE WORTHY OF THE EXAMPLE THAT’S SET AND TO BE ABLE TO FULFILL THE MISSION.>>HELLO, I’M FROM QUEBEC CITY. I DREAM OF GOING TO SPACE. I HOPE THAT I CAN GET SOME TIME. I’M STUDYING MATHEMATICS. SOON I’LL BE 41 YEARS OF AGE. WHAT HOPE MIGHT THERE BE FOR CIVILIAN LIKE ME TO GO OUT INTO SPACE AT SOME TIME?>>CERTAINLY I BELIEVE IF YOU HAVE HAD ASKED YOUR GREAT-GREAT-GRANDPARENTS A CENTURY OR MORE A POSSIBILITY FOR PEOPLE FROM EARTH TO FLY AN AIRPLANE, THAT WOULD HAVE SEEMED COMPLETELY LIKE A RIDICULOUS QUESTION, BUT NOW IT’S POSSIBLE. SO THAT’S A LITTLE OF THE ADVENTURE AND CREATIVITY, HUMAN INGENUITY. LITTLE BY LITTLE WE PUSH OUT THE LIMITS OF WHAT IS POSSIBLE, EVENTUALLY THINGS BECOME NORMAL THANKS TO THE CREATIVE ENERGY AND THE KNOWLEDGE AND COMPREHENSION, AND TECHNIQUES AND COOPERATION THAT WE HAVE THE SERVICE OF IT. AND, YES, I BELIEVE THAT HUMAN BEINGS ARE WILLING TO FACE DANGERS. WHAT REALLY SURPRISED ME, I REALIZED TO WHAT DEGREE WITH INCREDIBLE ENVIRONMENT. THE ENVIRONMENT IN WHICH I WAS SO DISTANT FROM THE EARTH AND THANKS TO HUMAN INGENUITY, CURRENTLY IT TAKES THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE WORKING IN REAL-TIME TO MAKE THIS POSSIBLE, BUT I’M CONFIDENT THAT SOME DAY THIS WILL BE– IT WON’T BECOME ROUTINE, BUT IT WILL BE SOMETHING THAT BECOMES COMMONPLACE, EVERYDAY OCCURRENCE.>>WELL, THANK YOU VERY MUCH. I’M CHRIS. WHEN YOU WENT ON A SPACEWALK, WHEN YOU WERE TAKING YOUR SPACEWALK WAS THERE A PARTICULAR MOMENT WHEN YOU FELT IT SORT OF STRANGE TO BE OUT THERE WALKING THROUGH SPACE?>>WELL, THERE WAS ONE MOMENT IN WHICH WHICH, OF COURSE, WE DO OUR WORK, WE — THE SPACE STRUCTURE IS SORT OF A STRANGE STRUCTURE, REMIND YOU A LITTLE OF THE EIFFEL TOWER. IN THE BACKGROUND WE SEE EARTH AND WE’RE GOING AROUND IT. WE HAVE CERTAIN SENSE OF SPEED AND I HAD TO TELL MYSELF, WHY ARE WE HERE IN ORBIT AND WE CAN FALL, THAT’S TRUE. LITTLE MOMENTS IN WHICH HAPPILY, THIS IS WHAT MAINTAINS US IN LIFE AND THAT IS OUR INSTINCT TO DO OUR JOBS RIGHT.>>THANK YOU.>>MR. SAINT-JACQUES, I’M FROM RADAR CANADA. WHAT WAS YOUR MOST DIFFICULT THING WOULD YOU SAY?>>YOU KNOW, I THINK IT’S — YOU CAN’T REALLY SAY IT’S THE MOST DIFFICULT BECAUSE IT WAS SUCH A POSITIVE EXPERIENCE. THERE IS THIS SURGE OF ENERGY WHICH IS ALMOST HIDDEN, THAT YOU FIND CAPACITY WITHIN YOURSELF THAT YOU DID NOT KNOW YOU HAD WHEN YOU’RE SO ENTHUSIASTIC TO GET THE JOB DONE. YOU KNOW, THE MOST DIFFICULT DAY WAS THE FIRST EXTRA VEHICLE SORTIE. THE FIRST OF THREE OR FOUR PEOPLE BEFORE. NOBODY HAS SEEN SUCH A THING AND SO THE FOUR OF US WERE WORKING TOGETHER TO ENSURE THE SECURITY OF THE TWO WHO ARE OUTSIDE OF THE CAPSULE, BUT FOR ME, THE DAY BEFORE YESTERDAY WHEN I WENT OUTSIDE THE CAPSULE, THAT WAS ABSOLUTELY VERY HARD WORK, BUT AT THE SAME TIME PURE JOY.>>MR. SAINT-JACQUES, AGAIN, FROM TVA. CAN YOU TELL US, DESCRIBE FOR US WHEN YOU ARE JUST AT THE MOMENT OF ENTERING SPACE, WHAT IS THE MIXTURE OF EMOTIONS THAT WENT THROUGH YOUR MIND? AND THEN, HOW DID IT FEEL WHEN YOU WERE AROUND THE SPACE STATION OUTSIDE OF IT?>>DESCRIBE THE SCENE. I WAS THE SECOND LEAD, FIRST WAS MY COLLEAGUE ANNE MCCLAIN WHO FOR HER WAS THE SECOND EXIT. WHEN I WENT OUT, IT WAS NIGHT. WE DIDN’T SEE THE EARTH, REALLY. BUT IT WAS THE MOMENT WHICH THE SUN WAS RISING. AND SO YOU SEE THE BLUE LINE OF THE RAYS, THE ORANGE, AS THE SUNRISES AND ANNE SMILED, I UNDERSTOOD THAT I HAD ARRIVED AND WE WERE IN SPACE AND IMAGE REMAINS IMPRINTED IN MY SPIRIT AND MY MEMORY AND I DON’T THINK IT WILL EVER BE ERASED.>>MR. SAINT-JACQUES, WHILE YOU SAID IT YOURSELF. IT WAS A GOLDEN DAY FOR YOU. YOUR EXTRA VEHICULAR EXIT AFTER YOU SPENT SEVERAL DAYS NOW STILL IN SPACE. WHAT REMAINS FOR YOU TO BE DONE? WHAT CHALLENGES DO YOU STILL HAVE TO FACE?>>GOOD QUESTION. YOU BROUGHT UP AN INTERESTING POINT. YOU KNOW, COMING UP HERE IN A ROCKET WAS VERY EMOTIONAL AND TECHNICAL HURDLE TO OVERCOME. AND WANT TO BE HERE IN SPACE, IT WAS AN INCREDIBLE FEELING, BUT WE’RE AWARE OF THE CONSTANT PERMANENT DANGER AROUND US TO BE SURE WE PRESERVE OUR LIVES HERE, BUT WE GET ACCUSTOMED TO IT AND WE THANK THE SPACE STATION IS THE SAFEST PLACE WHICH TO BE AND NOW WE HAVE BEEN THREE MORE MONTHS TO BE UP HERE, TO LIVE HERE. THERE’S CARGO THAT’S COMING UP. WITH THE CANADAARM, THAT WILL BE USED TO LOAD EQUIPMENT. THIS IS OUR LIFE, NORMAL LIFE AND THE CHALLENGE THAT REMAINS NOW IS TO BE ABLE TO RETURN SAFELY TO EARTH, WHICH REMAINS ONE OF THE MOST DANGEROUS PARTS OF THE EXPERIENCE, THAT IS THE RETURN TO EARTH. WE MUST NEVER FORGET THAT IT’S VERY EASY TO BECOME COMPLACENT AND TO FORGET THE PERMANENT DANGER WHICH SURROUNDS US AND TO REMAIN FOCUSED ON THE MAINTENANCE AND THE USE OF THIS MACHINE THAT IS AROUND US WHICH KEEPS US ALIVE. AND SO THAT’S WHAT WE CONCERN OURSELVES WITH.>>FROM CANADA — YOU RAISED THE POINT OF FEELING SECURE AND SAFE ABOARD THE SPACE CAPSULE FAR FROM EARTH, BUT NOW HOW DO YOU FEEL ABOUT THE EVENTUALITY OF ORBITING AROUND THE MOON.>>I THINK WE’VE MASTERED PROBLEMS AND NOW IT’S A QUESTION OF THE LAB, THE EQUIPMENT AT THIS TIME ON BOARD, EVERYTHING FUNCTIONS, BUT FROM TIME TO TIME EVERY MONTH OR EVERY OTHER MONTH THERE’S SOMETHING THAT HAS TO BE REPLACED OR REPAIRED AND SO WHEN IT COMES TO THE MOON, WE HAVE TO HAVE EQUIPMENT THAT’S MUCH MORE RELIABLE WHEN IT COMES TO AIRPLANES WE KNOW THAT PLANES ARE NOT GOING TO BE CHANGING FUNDAMENTALLY, BUT HAVE BECOME MUCH MORE RELIABLE OVERTIME, AIRPLANES HAVE. AND SO THIS WOULD BE ANOTHER STAGE BECAUSE RELIABILITY IS GOING TO TAKE YEARS FOR TRAVEL THAT COULD TAKE YEARS, IT WOULD REQUIRE BETTER RELIABILITY OF EQUIPMENT. THIS IS NOT LIKE AN EXPEDITION TO THE FOREST OR THE MOUNTAIN, THIS IS A QUESTION OF COLLABORATION AND TECHNICAL DEVELOPMENT AND INGENUITY THAT IS CALLED FOR. WE STILL HAVEN’T GOTTEN THERE. MARS WILL BE SEVERAL DECADES AWAY, THE MOON SEVERAL YEARS AWAY AND THOSE WHO ARE GOING TO MARS ARE STILL CHILDREN.>>DAVID, WHAT WILL BE THE CHALLENGE TO OPERATE CANADARM2 AND DIRECT THE CARGO SHIP. HOW DO YOU FEEL ABOUT THAT?>>WHAT A PRIVILEGE. WHAT A PRIVILEGE. BEING CANADIAN, OF COURSE, YOU KNOW, IT WILL BE ONE OF THE HIGHLIGHTS OF THE MISSION AND IT IS A DREAM FOR ASTRONAUTS TO OPERATE THE CANADARM2. IT’S A FEAT OF ENGINEERING THAT WE CAN BE PROUD OF. CANADARM2 WAS NOT DESIGNED FOR THAT INITIALLY. THERE WAS A CHALLENGE FOR NASA OFFERED, DO YOU THINK YOU COULD DO THIS WITH YOUR AUTOMATIC ARM, CATCH THE CARGO VEHICLES. THE ENGINEERS ROLLED UP THEIR SLEEVES AND INCREASED THE CAPACITY. IT SPEAKS TO CANADIAN INGENUITY AND SPIRIT OF INVENTIVETY AND SHOWS THE PATH TO THE FUTURE, IT WILL BE HUMAN AND ROBOTIC INKNOW HE EVALUATION AND WE ARE GOING TO KIND OF LIKE IN A SYNERGISTIC WAY COMPLETELY EXPAND OUR CAPACITY TO EXPLORE AND TO INVENT.>>THANK YOU VERY MUCH, DAVID. ONCE AGAIN, IT’S — WE’RE ALL BEHIND YOU AS YOU DO YOUR WORK AND THIS IS OUR SECOND INTERVIEW OF THE WEEK. THANK ALL OF YOU.>>THANK ALL OF YOU VERY MUCH.>>STATION, THIS IS HOUSTON, THAT CONCLUDES THE EVENT.>>THANK YOU, CANADIAN PARTICIPANTS AND WE ARE NOW

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